However, it was found that gynaecologists in Australia, for instance, would describe menstrual disorders under the broad headings of dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea
, menorrhagia and so on.
Others had prolonged lactational amenorrhoea
or were close to menopause.
Others were: mood swings and changes (including depression, crying, being emotional) (9), weight gain (9), acne (5), anaemia (3), headaches (3), stomach pains (2), discomfort at the insertion site (2), thinning hair (1), amenorrhoea
(1) and increased thirst (1).
Symptoms include amenorrhoea
, morning sickness, tender breasts, and weight gain.
Nath DC, Land KC and Singh KK, The role of breast-feeding beyond postpartum amenorrhoea
on the return of fertility in India: a life table and hazards model analysis, Journal of Biosocial Science, 1994, 26(2)191-206.
Articles focusing on specific configurations of behavior and disease, such as the female athlete triad (a syndrome consisting of eating disorders, amenorrhoea
, and osteoporosis), were excluded.
Postmenopausal women were defined as having amenorrhoea
for at least one year.
In female athletes, excessive physical exercise may lead to disorders, including delay in the onset of puberty, amenorrhoea
and premature osteoporosis.
It provides some basic information about lactational amenorrhoea
method (LAM) contraception and describes what the barriers are to it being routinely offered as a contraceptive option.
The first to do so was Karnaky (39) who, in 1945, reported apparently good results, achieving amenorrhoea
with increasing daily doses of up 100 mg/day of diethylstilbestrol (DES).
is not uncommon in women, and prolonged amenorrhoea
may be more prevalent among HIV-positive women, particularly those with lower CD4 cell counts.
A 25-year-old primigravid woman with eight months of amenorrhoea
presented with history of a fall at home, six hours before admission to the emergency department of our hospital.