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A theophylline derivative, C16H24N10O4, used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis.


(Pharmacology) a derivative of theophylline that relaxes smooth muscle and is used mainly to dilate the airways in the treatment of asthma and emphysema
[C20: from amino- + phyllo- + -ine2]


(əˌmi noʊˈfɪl aɪn, -in, ˌæm ə noʊ-)

a theophylline derivative, C16H24N10O4, used chiefly to relieve bronchial spasm in asthma, in the treatment of certain heart conditions, and as a diuretic.
[1955–60; amino- + (theo) phylline]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aminophylline - a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
bronchodilator - a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
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References in periodicals archive ?
A spokesman for FIA said here Saturday that an FIA team, along with Provincial Drug Inspector, conducted surprise raid at Ali Zaib Medical Store, Bhussi Adda Pir Mehal, and recovered spurious/ unregistered tranquilliser drugs including Dosovil Injection (500), Yellow Liquid Injection (250), Black Cobra Tablets (45), Aminophylline Inj (Expired 45) and Tenzil Tablets (300 Tablets).
Nurse Mary Sanchez admitted she failed to administer Aminophylline, a drug used to open constricted airways, "in line with the prescription" when she treated the 68-year-old.
These medications include general and local anesthetics, antibiotics such as penicillin and metronidazole, asthma drugs including aminophylline and theophylline, immunosuppressants such as cyclosporine, and narcotics such as fentanyl and meperidine.
Objective: Aminophylline which is clinically used as a bronchodilator antagonizes the action of adenosine so it can be used to shorten the recovery time after general anesthesia.
As aminophylline is known to have a narrow therapeutic window & significant adverse effects, there arises a need to consider alternative drug(s) for better control of apnea with adequate safety profile.
Secondly, while the majority of recommendations are well formulated and evidence-based, it is surprising to see the use of intravenous aminophylline still promoted: it was removed from international guidelines many years ago and the lack of benefit has been well proven.
Aminophylline infusion 5mg/kg was started and was titrated to be infused over 30 minutes, but there was no improvement in hemodynamics.
Most of the creams and gels that have been designed to smooth out these dimples use xanthines, including aminophylline and theophylline, as their key ingredients.
She was treated with nebulised salbutamol, nebulised ipratropium bromide, hydrocortisone IV and an aminophylline intravenous infusion.
Theophylline is available in a variety of formulations, including sustained-release oral forms, as aminophylline for oral or intravenous administration, and in rectal suppository forms.
Serum lithium levels can be decreased by acetazolamide, aminophylline, caffeine, mannitol, and theophylline.