ampicillin


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am·pi·cil·lin

 (ăm′pĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
A broad-spectrum semisynthetic penicillin, C16H19N3O4S, that is used, often in the form of its sodium salt, to treat infections of the intestinal, urinary, and respiratory tracts.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ampicillin

(ˌæmpɪˈsɪlɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) a semisynthetic penicillin used to treat various infections
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

am•pi•cil•lin

(ˌæm pəˈsɪl ɪn)

n.
a broad-spectrum semisynthetic penicillin, C16H19N3O4S, effective against certain susceptible Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
[1965–70; probably am(ino-benzyl)p(en)icillin, an alternate chemical name]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ampicillin - semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)ampicillin - semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
penicillin - any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
ampicilin

am·pi·cil·lin

n. ampicilina, penicilina semisintética.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ampicillin

n ampicilina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Then the Ampicillin ran out, and the doctor refused to prescribe him with the antibiotic, saying he'd never been fitter.
(7) Standard ampicillin (10 ug), cefotaxime (30 [micro]g), ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g) sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (23, 75/1.25 [micro]g) (Oxoid, United Kingdom) discs were used to detect resistance.
aureus (100%) isolates in our study were found resistant to Penicillin, Ampicillin and Amoxyclav.
was sensitive to Ceftriaxone, Tetracycline and Enrofloxacin but resistant to Penicillin, Ampicillin and Ampicillin + Salbactum.
Based on organism sensitivity, intravenous therapy with ampicillin 3 g/6 h +gentamicin 80 mg/8 h +vancomycin 1 g/12h was initiated.
Another research of Karachi is also the evident of high rate of resistance in Shigella against Ampicillin and nalidixic Acid 55.5% and 39% respectively.12 Resistance to ampicillin and cotrimoxazole is also observed in E.coli as 72% and 78% respectively.13
The assay was performed with standard disks of ampicillin (10|ig): ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g): chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g): erythromycin (15 [micro]g): gentamicin (10 [micro]g): streptomycin (10 [micro]g): norfloxacin (10 [micro]g): penicillin G (10U); tetracycline (30 [micro]g): vancomycin (30 [micro]g) (Laborclin; Pinhais, Brazil) and trimethoprim (5 [micro]g) (Sensifar; Sao Paulo, Brazil) on MRS (Micromed, Duque de Caxias, RJ) agar plates, incubated at 37[degrees]C for 24h.
From our results, ampicillin and cephalosporins cannot be recommended for use as an empirical therapy in orthopedic infections.
Using Bayesian hierarchical models of resistance percentages and Salmonella incidence with data from the 2 surveillance systems, we estimated the incidence of culture confirmed infections caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella with resistance to ceftriaxone, nonsusceptibility to ciprofloxacin, and resistance to ampicillin and provide such estimates for major serotypes (20).
Last two decades enterococci have become as an important cause of nosocomial infections and strains of enterococci have been acquired with resistance to ampicillin (ampicillin-resistant enterococci [ARE]), high-level aminoglycoside and glycopeptides (vancomycin-resistant enterococci [VRE]) (Billstrom et al., 2008, Lester et al., 2008; Sava et al., 2010; Toledo-Arana et al., 2001).
The antibiotics used included carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem), penicillins (ampicillin and amoxicillin clavulanate), cephalosporins (ceftriaxone and ceftazidime), fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and aminoglycosides (amikacin and gentamicin).
* PARENTS' CLAIM: The ObGyn and hospital nurses failed to properly manage the mother's anaphylactic reaction to ampicillin. Fetal heart-rate tracings indicated fetal distress.