anacrusis

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Related to anacruses: anacrusis

an·a·cru·sis

 (ăn′ə-kro͞o′sĭs)
n.
1. One or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse, before the reckoning of the normal meter begins.
2. Music See upbeat.

[New Latin anacrūsis, from Greek anakrousis, beginning of a tune, from anakrouein, to strike up a song : ana-, ana- + krouein, to push.]

anacrusis

(ˌænəˈkruːsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Poetry) prosody one or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse
2. (Classical Music) music
a. an unstressed note or group of notes immediately preceding the strong first beat of the first bar
b. another word for upbeat
[C19: from Greek anakrousis prelude, from anakrouein to strike up, from ana- + krouein to strike]
anacrustic adj

an•a•cru•sis

(ˌæn əˈkru sɪs)

n., pl. -cru•ses (-ˈkru siz)
1. an unstressed syllable or syllable group that begins a line of verse but is not counted as part of the first foot.
[1825–35; < Latin < Greek anákrousis=anakroú(ein) to strike up, push back (ana- ana- + kroúein to strike, push) + -sis -sis]
an`a•crus′tic (-ˈkrʌs tɪk) adj.
an`a•crus′ti•cal•ly, adv.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Booth's emphasis on Larkin's indebtedness to French symbolism, and his talk of ellipses, anacruses and intertextuality spring from an urge to present his subject as a European modernist rather than a little Englander: Larquin not Larkin.
Nonetheless, each dance held its own idiosyncratic charm, from Pentamento's (1996) roller-coaster ride to Strung Out's (1992) fly-swatting antics and--my favorite--the polyrhythmic a cappella tapping in Anacruses (1990).
And the crotchet anacruses of allemandes are expanded to dotted quaver plus semiquaver.