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1. One or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse, before the reckoning of the normal meter begins.
2. Music See upbeat.
[New Latin anacrūsis, from Greek anakrousis, beginning of a tune, from anakrouein, to strike up a song : ana-, ana- + krouein, to push.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Poetry) prosody one or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse
2. (Classical Music) music
a. an unstressed note or group of notes immediately preceding the strong first beat of the first bar
b. another word for upbeat
[C19: from Greek anakrousis prelude, from anakrouein to strike up, from ana- + krouein to strike]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
an•a•cru•sis(ˌæn əˈkru sɪs)
n., pl. -cru•ses (-ˈkru siz)
1. an unstressed syllable or syllable group that begins a line of verse but is not counted as part of the first foot.
[1825–35; < Latin < Greek anákrousis=anakroú(ein) to strike up, push back (ana- ana- + kroúein to strike, push) + -sis -sis]
an`a•crus′tic (-ˈkrʌs tɪk) adj.
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