analogy

(redirected from analogies)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.

a·nal·o·gy

 (ə-năl′ə-jē)
n. pl. a·nal·o·gies
1.
a. A similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar: sees an analogy between viral infection and the spread of ideas.
b. A comparison based on such similarity: made an analogy between love and a fever.
2. Biology Correspondence in function or position between organs of dissimilar evolutionary origin or structure.
3. A form of reasoning based on the assumption that if two things are known to be alike in some respects, then they are probably alike in other respects.
4. Linguistics The process by which words or morphemes are re-formed or created on the model of existing grammatical patterns in a language, often leading to greater regularity in paradigms, as evidenced by helped replacing holp and holpen as the past tense and past participle of help on the model of verbs such as yelp, yelped, yelped.

[Middle English analogie, from Old French, from Latin analogia, from Greek analogiā, from analogos, proportionate; see analogous.]

analogy

(əˈnælədʒɪ)
n, pl -gies
1. agreement or similarity, esp in a certain limited number of features or details
2. a comparison made to show such a similarity: to draw an analogy between an atom and the solar system.
3. (Biology) biology the relationship between analogous organs or parts
4. (Logic) logic maths a form of reasoning in which a similarity between two or more things is inferred from a known similarity between them in other respects
5. (Linguistics) linguistics imitation of existing models or regular patterns in the formation of words, inflections, etc: a child may use "sheeps" as the plural of "sheep" by analogy with "dog", "dogs", "cat", "cats", etc.
[C16: from Greek analogia ratio, correspondence, from analogos analogous]
analogical, ˌanaˈlogic adj
ˌanaˈlogically adv
aˈnalogist n

a•nal•o•gy

(əˈnæl ə dʒi)

n., pl. -gies.
1. a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
2. similarity or comparability: I see no analogy between our situations.
3. a similarity of forms having a separate evolutionary origin (opposed to homology).
4. a linguistic process by which words or phrases are created or re-formed according to existing patterns in the language, as when dialectal shoon was re-formed as shoes.
5. a form of reasoning in which one thing is inferred to be similar to another thing in a certain respect, on the basis of known similarities in other respects.
[1530–40; < Latin analogia < Greek]

analogy

- Comes from Greek analogia, "a proportion," such as 2/10 = 10/X, a way of calculating unknown quantities.
See also related terms for proportion.

analogy

an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; in literature, the basis for metaphor and simile. — analogie, analogical, adj.
See also: Agreement
an agreement or correspondence in particular features between things otherwise dissimilar; the inference that if two things agree with each other in one or more respects, they will probably agree in yet other respects. — analogous, adj.
See also: Argumentation

analogy

Comparison made between two or more things in order to show their similarity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in othersanalogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
2.analogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respectanalogy - drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"
comparing, comparison - the act of examining resemblances; "they made a comparison of noise levels"; "the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator"
3.analogy - the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"

analogy

noun similarity, relation, comparison, parallel, correspondence, resemblance, correlation, likeness, equivalence, homology, similitude The analogy between music and fragrance has stuck.

analogy

noun
Translations
аналогияподобие
analogie
analogija
analogi

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] Nanalogía f; (= similarity) → semejanza f
by analogy with; on the analogy ofpor analogía con
to argue from or by analogyrazonar por analogía
to draw an analogy betweenseñalar una semejanza entre

analogy

[əˈnælədʒi] nanalogie f
to draw an analogy between sth and sth → établir une analogie entre qch et qch
by analogy → par analogieanal-retentive [ˌeɪnəlrəˈtɛntɪv] adj
(PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHIATRY)qui fait une fixation au stade anal
(pejorative)maniaque

analogy

nAnalogie f; arguing by analogy one could claim that …analog könnte man behaupten; to draw an analogyeine Analogie herstellen, einen analogen Vergleich ziehen; on the analogy ofanalog zu, nach dem Muster (+gen); it’s an argument by analogyes ist ein Analogiebeweis, es ist eine analoge Argumentation

analogy

[əˈnælədʒɪ] nanalogia
to draw an analogy between → fare un'analogia tra

analogy

n. analogía, semejanza.
References in classic literature ?
how far beyond all utterance are your linked analogies! not the smallest atom stirs or lives on matter, but has its cunning duplicate in mind.
This work owes credit to a 2014 Department of Defense--commissioned volume, Cyber Analogies, which aimed to assist US Cyber Command in educating senior leaders.
Defense analysts and scholars of political science and US foreign affairs present essays on analogies to help readers understand how cyber conflict is like and unlike previous military theory and conduct.
Only since the advent of social media have I realized that analogies are really tricky for a lot of people--either because they can't see parallels or because they see parallels where they don't exist.
This article aims at clarifying the kind of analogies that justifies this movement.
The workshop included 11 papers representing a range of computational analogy research methods and topics, including corpus mining for analogies, analogical proportions, analogy for natural language processing, design by analogy, analogy tutors, and instruction for analogical agents.
The Raven's matrices, a very well-recognized test of intelligence, is based on analogies and designed to "[measure] capacity to form comparisons, reason by analogy, and develop a logical method of thinking" (Raven, 1938).
"In all criminal trials, analogies must be drawn and confined within the domain and realm of the evidence," he said.
morals and the passions, treating as unproblematic the analogies that
The chapter explores the different effects of analogies from the poem's many characters, the poem's narrator, and Milton himself.
But the sweets-are-men analogy and the Skittles-are-refugees analogies are also different.
Called the structure-mapping engine (SME), the new model is capable of analogical problem solving, including capturing the way humans spontaneously use analogies between situations to solve moral dilemmas.