Since no assistant in the clinic had yet completed his own training analysis we were forced to throw Freud's wise advice to the wind and even give analysands
access to unanalyzed young colleagues.
learned of their analyst's death through newspaper notices, arriving for appointments to find a note on the analyst's door, word of mouth from colleagues, and telephone calls from clerical personnel or members of the analyst's family.
A 1978 study of 27 analysands
whose physicians died during ongoing therapy reported reactions that ranged from a minimal impact to protracted mourning accompanied by helplessness, intense crying, and recurrent dreams about the analyst.
Only by undergoing analysis themselves do analysts in training learn both the technique of analysis and come to recognize their own unconscious when it manifests itself in treatment with analysands
. Analysis holds promise for researchers committed to reflexivity because it involves another person--that is, it is not simply self-reflection of the sort that Rose and others have cautioned against.
Using examples from the lives of their analysands
, the authors show the Death Mother, a metaphor for the wounded feminine principle, at work.
This lack has a theoretical function in psychoanalysis, and it results from the clinical material, that is, what analysands
actually say during the analytic sessions.
Furthermore, psychoanalytic concepts were developed within the context of the therapeutic encounter: a unique interpersonal process between analyst and analysand
(or between analysands
in group therapy), in a particular relationship, within a therapeutic setting, over a period of time in which there is frequent contact.
The principle of 'amplificatory interpretation' is central to all Jungian analysis and differs from Freudian interpretation in one important respect, which has already been mentioned: Freud only accepted interpretations for which there was indisputable supporting evidence in the associations made by the analysands
In particular, sound poses a big problem to the gallery visitor: the third piece-subtitled "Immersion," which runs for over twice as long as the eightminute pieces on the other screens-creates a sound bleed with the other three, as the voices of two sets of analysts and analysands
narrate a succession of remembered trauma, and a video game designer listlessly describes the functionality of the software's design.
Now, just as few financial advisers tell prospective investors that they could easily lose everything and should even be prepared to do so--advisers that do so probably do not stay in business for very long--few psychoanalysts tell prospective analysands
that they are going to have to give up what is currently the source of their greatest jouissance in life and find something else.
Karllson makes the interesting observation that it is a mistake to believe psychopathology has changed since Freud treated his analysands
. Karllson writes, "Only if one defines sexuality in a rather limited way can one get the idea that the changes in lifestyles and attitudes with respect to sexuality that have occurred since Freud's time would have any effect on the sexuality that psychoanalysts deal with and that many think is the core of the unconscious" (p.
It is a noteworthy contribution, not only as a solid yet accessible introduction to Levinas, but as a clear, sophisticated, and yet gentle invitation to the held of psychoanalysis to consider what a Levinasian perspective might contribute not only to their theoretical understandings, but to the lives of their analysands