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adj. Linguistics
Occurring without an article. Used especially of Greek nouns.

[From Greek anarthros, not articulated : an-, without; see a-1 + arthron, joint; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Linguistics) (of a noun) used without an article
2. (Biology) having no joints or articulated limbs
[C19: from Greek anarthros, from an- + arthros joint, definite article]
anˈarthrously adv
anˈarthrousness n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Further, in mentioning Gentiles (anarthrous [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) and in using the conjunction when (otav, whenever), Paul does not comment one way or the other on how many Gentiles there are who do this or how often, only that it happens.
In fragment 74 the repeated predicates [GREEK TEXT OMITTED] which are in the manuscripts partially or (more often) unanimously anarthrous, are 'corrected' by addition of articles because they refer to the true and original attributes of 'the' God, which Asterius distinguishes elsewhere from their secondary application to the Son.
According to the so-called 'Fitzgerald's Canon' Aristotle writes anarthrous [GREEK TEXT OMITTED] when he is referring to the historical Socrates and [GREEK TEXT OMITTED] when he is referring to the Platonic Socrates of the dialogues.(8) This distinction is of obvious importance both for the interpretation of Aristotle himself and for what he has to say about his predecessors.