On cross-sectional imaging, the inferior epigastric artery is a useful anatomic landmark
for determining whether an inguinal hernia is direct or indirect.
For the study of pelvic prolapses, the anatomic landmark
was considered the pubococcygeal line that extends from the inferior margin of the pubis bone to the sacrococcygeal joint.
Many authors recommend partial rather than total resection to limit the possibility of skull base injury and to maintain the anatomic landmark
1] A microdebrider is an ideal instrument for contouring the middle turbinate without destroying it as an anatomic landmark
or interfering with its function.
By using this kinematic reconstruction and anatomic landmarks
, the knee ligaments can be better balanced for a more natural-feeling knee.
If not, anatomic landmarks
can help determine lesion accessibility.
Moreover, anatomic landmarks
that the young medical student learns in his or her first anatomy classes are modified because of the size of panniculus and the migration of the umbilicus relative to the bifurcation of the aorta.
On MRIs, they cause blood vessels to appear brighter, providing anatomic landmarks
The two static anatomic landmarks
used in measuring leg-length discrepancy are the anterior superior iliac spine located right under the belt line and the medial malleolus.
The empty nose syndrome usually is defined by excessive loss of normal nasal tissue and loss of anatomic landmarks
, which results in a widely patent airway with excessive crusting (ozena) and easy nasal bleeding and dryness of the nasal mucosa.
To help medical students, radiology residents, ultrasound technicians, and medical sonographers locate and recognize organs, anatomic landmarks
, and their relationships, Block, who works in private practice in Germany, presents an atlas of normal sonographic anatomy of the abdominal and pelvic areas, including vessels and the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenal glands, stomach, bladder, prostate, uterus, and thyroid gland.
Each surgical approach covered includes information on patient positioning, previews of anatomic landmarks
and incisions, warnings on potential dangers of superficial and deep dissection, and techniques of closure.