Passiflora incarnata is an andromonoecious
clonal species native to the southeastern United States.
Takahashi (2001).The M-Locus and ethylene-controlled sex determination in andromonoecious
The role of male flowers in andromonoecious
species: energetic costs and siring success in Solanum carolinense L.
Reproductive biology of the andromonoecious
Cucumis melo subsp.
The parents, AM-02 and Gold Mine, are hybrids of andromonoecious
yellow melon varieties with white flesh (Table 1).
tuberosa is an andromonoecious
species and possesses hermaphrodites and male flowers in the same inflorescence.
The plants are polygamodioecious with about 5% of the population producing exclusively staminate (male) flowers and 4050% producing mainly male flowers and a few bisexual flowers (andromonoecious
) while the remaining 40-50% produces only the pistillate (female) flowers.
as well as hermaphrodite species were considered.
The remaining sexual systems are found exclusively among the dicots: Gynomonoecious species include 7% of the flora and are in Abrotanella, Cuminia, Chenopodium, Erigeron, and Lactoris; the one gynodioecious species is in Rhaphithamnus; polygamous taxa are scarce and included in Empetrum and Parietaria, as are andromonoecious
taxa included in Cyperaceae and Asteraceae.
Hermaphroditic plants have two perfect spikelets at each rachis node, whereas only the sessile spikelet is perfect in andromonoecious
This self-compatible species is andromonoecious
, with hermaphroditic and male flowers produced on the same inflorescence.
is a self-incompatible, andromonoecious
lily, common in sagebrush habitat in the foothills of the Intermountain West (Cronquist et al.