Dispersal syndromes: Anemochory
occurred in 32 (58.
Such calyces may be well adapted for anemochory
(Dizkirici et al.
FV) life form: (A) tree, (L) climbers and (H) herbaceous; (CS) successional category: (P) pioneer, (Si) early secondary, (St) late secondary and (C) climax; (SD) dispersion syndrome: (Ane) anemochory
, (Aut) autochory, (Zoo) zoochory and (SC) unrated.
Sector A showed a significantly higher anemochory
(41%) than sector B (23%) and lower zoochory (46% in A and 62% in B).
In current study, the abiotic syndromes, autochory and anemochory
, together represent 69.
As the study site is windy, anemochory
is very effective, dispersing seeds up to 400 m away from the parental site.
Ridley (1930) recognized anemochory
(dispersal by wind), hydroehory (dispersal by water) and zoochory (dispersal by animals) as the three primary dispersal syndromes.
Character Evolution--Seed dispersal: Seeds of many species of Aristolochia are adapted to at least two different dispersal mechanisms, anemochory
and zoochory (Fig.
, autochory, hydrochory) is hampered by the distance of the fragments (PARROTTA et al.
Considering the species with determined syndromes (123), the zoochory predominated in all habits, corresponding to 69%, followed by autochory with 20% and anemochory
with 11% (Figure 2).
Dispersal Syndrome: Barochory was the most common dispersal mode observed among the 23 species (48 % of species), followed by anemochory
(39 %) and zoochory (13.
For each species found in the plots, we searched the literature for information relating to: the functional groups (pioneer or non-pioneer) (sensu WHITMORE, 1989); and dispersal syndrome (zoochory, anemochory
and autochory) (sensu Pijl, 1982).