It found that women with low carbohydrate intake are 30 percent more likely to have babies with neural tube defects, such as spina bifida (malformations of the spine and spinal cord), and anencephaly
(absence of major portions of the brain and skull), that can lead to lifelong disability and infant death, when compared with women who do not restrict their carbohydrate intake.
Among them 10 babies had hydrocephalus, 7 were born with congenital talipes equino varus, 11 were anencephaly
babies and 6 were gastroschisis.
Parents Emma, 34, and Drew, 53, had been asked if they wanted to terminate Hope after scans showed she had killer birth condition anencephaly
However, the pathology evaluation was consistent with expected findings in any fetus with anencephaly
; therefore, congenital Zika virus might have been coincidental in a fetus already predestined by other factors to have anencephaly
When Brandi and Michael Rogers learned their unborn daughter Emersyn, had been diagnosed with anencephaly
, a devastating brain condition, the couple from Effingham, South Carolina, could have done what most couples do when they learn their child would be fortunate to live until birth: they could have aborted.
These include life-debilitating neural tube defects (NTDs) which result in devastating conditions such as anencephaly
, an absence of major parts of the brain, and spina bifida, an open spinal column often resulting in paralisis.
Teddy had anencephaly
, a rare, fatal condition that prevents the normal development of the brain and the bones of the skull.
In exencephaly, there is only a vascular layer of epithelium covering the brain tissue, which is slowly degraded during gestation by the amniotic fluid and degenerates into anencephaly
For Teddy's parents the decision to offer his organs for transplant came soon after he was diagnosed with anencephaly
, a rare birth defect preventing development of the brain and skull.
The main outcome measure was the 14 categories of birth defects that, according to the medical literature, had associations with SSRIs: neural tube defects, anencephaly
, all septal defects, ventricular septal defects, right ventricular outflow tract obstructions, cleft palate, cleft lip with or without cleft palate, esophageal atresia, anal atresia, hypospadias, any limb reduction defect, craniosynostosis, gastroschisis, and omphalocele.
The two most common NTDs are anencephaly
and spina bifida.
Among foetal CNS anomalies are ventriculomegaly (VM) (Figure-1) agenesis of corpus callosum (ACC) holoprosencephaly microcephaly Dandy Walker malformation (DWM) anencephaly
(Figure-2) encephalocele and Spina Bifida (SB) (Figure-3).