anergy


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anergy

(ˈænədʒɪ)
n
1. lack of energy
2. (Physiology) immunol diminution or lack of immunity to an antigen
[from New Latin anergia, from an- + Greek ergon work]
anergic adj

anergy

1. a lack of strength.
2. the failure of the body to respond to an allergen or antigen.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.anergy - reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigenanergy - reduction or lack of an immune response to a specific antigen
immunological disorder - a disorder of the immune system
2.anergy - inactivity and lack of energyanergy - inactivity and lack of energy  
inaction, inactiveness, inactivity - the state of being inactive
Translations

an·er·gy

n. anergia.
1. astenia, falta de energía;
2. reducción o falta de respuesta a un antígeno específico.

anergy

n anergia
References in periodicals archive ?
Tasuku Honjo, "for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation." Among his most notable discoveries are the determination of the T-cell receptor structure and that CD28 is the major costimulatory molecule that allows full activation of naive T-cells and prevents anergy in T-cell clones.
OAK Group Holdings chief executive Gareth Brown said, "It is with great pride that a Bahrain-based company can compete and win concession agreements in advanced economies where cutting-edge technologies are the norm, such as in the UK and most interestingly, in Canada where last December our Anergy High-Temperature Pyrolysis technology was inaugurated."
Grail is a type I transmembrane protein localized in the transferrin-recycling endocytic pathway, and it plays a crucial role on the induction of anergy by abrogating the expression of cytokines in T cells.[1] A recent study has shown that Grail forms a ternary complex with Otub-1 and USP8, which regulates T cell anergy.[2],[3] Recently, a number of proteins were identified to be associated with Grail.
There are reports of a greater frequency of anergy to TST in patients with chronic arthritis.
Frontman Feargal Sharkey may no longer be with the band (he hasn't been for a long time) but the band continue to tour with as much anergy and passion as ever.
To control these self-reactive T cells, several peripheral mechanisms have reported to limit autoimmunity, namely, clone anergy, peripheral deletion, and Tregs.[50],[51] According to the research, Tregs are supposed to participate in the inactivation of autoreactive cells and are the cornerstone component for maintaining peripheral self-tolerance.[52]
In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a high incidence of anergy is reported even in the absence of immunosuppressive therapy (2).
They also utilize control mechanisms to dampen the immune response locally and this includes expression of inhibitory markers, production of suppressive cytotoxins, generation of cell populations with inhibitory properties and induction of anergy or exhaustion in effector T cell populations.
For this reason, they are kept in a long-term silenced state (known as anergy).