aneuploidy


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Related to aneuploidy: aneuploidy screening, Turner syndrome

an·eu·ploid

 (ăn′yə-ploid′)
adj.
Having a chromosome number that is not a multiple of the haploid number for the species.
n.
A cell or an organism characterized by an aneuploid chromosome number.


an′eu·ploi′dy (-ploi′dē) n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aneuploidy - an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (one chromosome set is incomplete)
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
Translations
aneuploïdie
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References in periodicals archive ?
The only factor clearly tied to human aneuploidy is a mother's age.
They can also carry out a check known as aneuploidy screening, looking at the chromosomal defects.
In the practice of reproductive medicine, chromosomal aneuploidy has long been recognized as a significant cause of abnormal prenatal and postnatal development.
Next, they found that such "hit-and-run" application of the gene significantly increased the proportion of cells with a normal number of chromosomes - also known as euploidy - in a population of mouse embryonic stem cells with mostly abnormal numbers of chromosomes - also known as aneuploidy.
Conventional prenatal screening methods are still the gold standard for most pregnant women despite the availability of cell-free DNA screening for aneuploidy, according to a consensus statement from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine.
Emerging Developments in Identification of Fetal Aneuploidy
Chromosomal aneuploidy in the human originates from either gamete meiotic or mitotic cleavage-stage errors in the early preimplantation embryo (1).
2-3) Overall, Trisomy 21 is the most prevalent at-birth aneuploidy, and the most common congenital cause of mental retardation.
The mechanisms that safeguard cells against aneuploidy are of great interest as aneuploidy contributes to tumourigenesis.
The aneuploidy theory of cancer was introduced by David von Hansemann in 1890 and formally stated by Theodor Boveri in 1914.
The chromosomal imbalance theory of cancer; autocatalyzed progression of aneuploidy is carcinogenesis.