Other syndromes that can present microdontia are: Down syndrome, hemifacial microsomia and hereditary anhidrotic
ectodermal dysplasia (Sanz Coarasa etal., 2012).
 There are 2 major types of this condition depending on the number and functionality of the sweat glands: (1) X-linked anhidrotic
or hypohidrotic, (ChristSiemens-Touraine syndrome) and (2) Hidrotic, (Clouston's syndrome).
Giehl et al., "Non-invasive diagnosis of sweat gland dysplasia using optical coherence tomography and reflectance confocal microscopy in a family with anhidrotic
ectodermal dysplasia (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome)," Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, vol.
It is classified into two major types based on number and functionality of sweat glands: (1) Anhidrotic
or hypohidrotic: Sweat glands are significantly reduced or absent and called as Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome.
Furthermore, the anhidrotic
effect of the toxin was noticed after its application in neurologic diseases, and BoNT began to be used in the management of hyperhidrosis in 1994.
skin fissures easily, thereby contributing to the vicious circle of secondary infection and ulceration.
Absent or decreased sweating in patients with anhidrotic
, respectively, hypohydrotic ED is caused by absence of sweat glands.
ectodermal dysplasia (Christ-Seimens-Touraine syndrome)-case report with a review.
Although the lesions are themselves anhidrotic
, the effect of hyperhidrosis of the surrounding skin, maceration and friction alter the appearance of the psoriasis, which retains its characteristic colour.4 The surface has a glazed hue and fissuring at the depth of the fold is common, especially in the gluteal cleft.
Sweating responses of normal, paraplegic and anhidrotic