With this in mind, it seems to me that a figure like Crato, who, during his imprisonment by the novel's authoritarian regime, cuts out his own tongue so that he cannot talk while being tortured (Brandao, Zero 271-72), represents a horrific outcome of the animalization
at work in the state of exception.
Primarily, he explains the Holocaust of the Jews as a case of animalization
of the 'human', which the anthropological machine produced by exclusion.
Using Finch's term, the "stamp" put on the Eurasian race in adjusting to ecological factors of the Northern Cradle is seeable in their modal psycho-cultural functioning which is directly traceable to animalization
that was inspired out of negativity generated by adjusting to the perennially inhospitable northern-cradle environment.
In Un medico novato, animalization
is also seen as a visual strategy, underlining the dehumanization of the imprisoned by comparing Uriel with a pacing tiger in a zoo (133).
and criminalization of people of African and Indigenous descent are themes both deeply embedded and flagrantly visible in the culture and institutions of Venezuelan society.
That the angry mob seems ready to rip Molloy to bits anticipates the animalization
of the human fulfilled at the end of the passage, as Molloy foresees that he would "take the place of the dog.
The iniquity of these fights and the consequent animalization
and dehumanization of black men in a white racist society are paralleled and contrasted with the opening image of two stallions fighting and standing "like men" (Home, 3), a childhood memory full of dignity and violence.
This kind of graphic animalization
literalizes the Soviet officials' public rhetoric about jazz, which they characterized as "outlandish yowlings" (Ilyichev, in Johnson 1965:109).
As Wilmott observes, "[t]his is a cross-writing tradition in two ways: formally, in its roots in what has been called caricature, understood as an iconography or kind of style, and thematically, in what I will call its animalization
, understood as an iconology or vehicle for ideas" (98).
of man into the dwarf animal of equal rights.
Dehumanization, moreover, was a game many could play: Muslim slavemasters in 14th-century Tunisia and 18th-century philosophes (including Voltaire, Kant, and Hume) deployed the same vocabulary of animalization
and childishness to describe slaves, with a fine disregard for anything which resembled Marxist ideas of class.
Croft's association of the "sounds and smells and sights" of the shooting with the branding of cattle suggests, again, the animalization
of the human--man becoming chattel.