It was labour, whose practical difference from the other forms of labour consisted in the nature of its risk, which did not lie in ankylosis
, or lead poisoning, or fire-damp, or gritty dust, but in what may be briefly defined in its own special phraseology as "Seven years hard.
When there is minimal infraocclusion secondary to ankylosis
and the child has limited anticipated future growth, restorative build-up of the occlusal surface maintains proximal contact integrity and prevents both supra-eruption of the opposing dentition and tilting of the adjacent teeth and short-term build up can be done with composite resin (Figure 4).
Common intrinsic, or intra-articular, causes include posttraumatic arthritis, joint incongruity, ankylosis
of articular surfaces, articular adhesions, loose bodies, and osteoarthritis with bone spurs and proliferative synovitis.
Some of the causes are: prolonged retention or early loss of the deciduous canine, ankylosis
, lack of space due to tooth size/ arch length discrepancies, anomalies in size and shape of adjacent lateral incisors or lack thereof, failure in the root resorption of the deciduous canine, excessive width of the palate, supernumerary teeth, trauma, dilaceration of the root, presence of an alveolar cleft, cleft lip and /or palate, premature closure of the root apex, rotation of the permanent tooth germ and transverse maxillary deficiency.
of the jaw leads to severe weight loss and the patient progresses to thoracic insufficiency syndrome due to costovertebral malformations with ankylosis
of the costovertebral joints, ossification of intercostal muscles, paravertebral muscles and aponeuroses, as well as progressive spinal deformity including kyphoscoliosis or thoracic lordosis.
This case report discusses a case of total replacement resorption wherein two avulsed central incisors with an extra oral dry time of 5 min were reimplanted within 40 min and despite all the guidelines (3) being adhered to; total replacement resorption was seen over a period of seven years, contemplating the possible role of host response and also highlighting the fact that despite immaculate coronal seal or proper obturation; ankylosis
followed by total replacement resorption could occur as in this case.
and narrowing of both wrist joints, erosions in MCP and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints and osteoporosis around joints, cystic changes, and joint space loss were seen on radiographic images.
Patient 1 was a full-term newborn transferred from another institution with a congenital anomaly that suggested ankylosis
of the mandible.
Periapical radiographs confirmed the absence of periapical pathology or ankylosis
and there have been no further complications since (Figure 6).
Widespread joint ankylosis
can result in losses of both types of motion.
Type III###A: Glossopalantine ankylosis
, a Greek word meaning "stiff joint"  is an intracapsular union of the disc condyle complex to temporal articular surface that restricts mandibular movement including the fibrous adhesion or bony fusion between condyles, disc, glenoid fossa and articular eminence.