(3,4) Involvement of the stapes footplate at the oval window leads to early conductive hearing loss via annular ligament
The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) of the elbow forms complexes and is composed of the radial collateral ligament, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL), annular ligament
, and accessory LCL [1-3].
Ligamentous constraints include the annular ligament
and radial (lateral) collateral ligaments which provide stability to the proximal radiocapitellar and proximal radioulnar joints and to resist varus stress.
The DFTS contains and is associated with several important anatomic structures including the flexor tendons, manica flexoria and palmar/plantar annular ligament
. Correct identification of the structures involved in injury is important, as treatment and prognosis vary with injury (Findley, 2012).
Notwithstanding an absence of ligamentous laxity, pain was elicited during palpation of the ulnar collateral ligament and annular ligament
. The shoulder joint revealed a significant decrease in external rotation.
The three main ones are the ulnar collateral ligament, radial collateral ligament, and annular ligament
. The last is a circular ligament that essentially surrounds the head of the radius (which is round) and maintains its contact with the radial notch of the distal end of the ulna.
The tracheal annular ligament
(ligamenta anularia tracheae) was incised and the outer vertical diameter (OVD), outer transverse diameter (OTD), the inner vertical diameter (IVD), and inner transverse diameter (ITD) were measured using digital vernier calipers (Table 2).
In consideration of the anatomical function we must see the injury of the superior peroneal retinaculum as an annular ligament
lesion, similar to the climbers pulley ruptures in the hand.
At this level, both flexor tendons are palmarly surrounded by the inelastic, strong, transverse fibers of the palmar annular ligament
, which in association with the proximal scutum (i.e.