antagonism

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an·tag·o·nism

 (ăn-tăg′ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
1. Hostility that results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness. See Synonyms at enmity.
2. The condition of being an opposing principle, force, or factor: the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism.
3. Biochemistry Interference in the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure.

antagonism

(ænˈtæɡəˌnɪzəm)
n
1. openly expressed and usually mutual opposition
2. the inhibiting or nullifying action of one substance or organism on another
3. (Physiology) physiol the normal opposition between certain muscles
4. (Biology) biology the inhibition or interference of growth of one kind of organism by another

an•tag•o•nism

(ænˈtæg əˌnɪz əm)

n.
1. an active hostility or opposition.
2. an opposing force, principle, or tendency.
3. an opposing physiological action, as by one muscle in relation to another.
4. the opposing action of substances, as drugs, that when taken together decrease the effectiveness of at least one of them (contrasted with synergism).
[1835–40; (< French) < Greek]

antagonism

a contentiousness toward or opposition to others or their ideas; hostility or antipathy. — antagonistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antagonism - a state of deep-seated ill-willantagonism - a state of deep-seated ill-will  
state - the way something is with respect to its main attributes; "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in a weak financial state"
latent hostility, tension - feelings of hostility that are not manifest; "he could sense her latent hostility to him"; "the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"
state of war, war - a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply; "war was declared in November but actual fighting did not begin until the following spring"
cold war - a state of political hostility between countries using means short of armed warfare
suspicion - the state of being suspected; "he tried to shield me from suspicion"
2.antagonism - the relation between opposing principles or forces or factorsantagonism - the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors; "the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism"
oppositeness, opposition - the relation between opposed entities
3.antagonism - an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostilityantagonism - an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility
dislike - a feeling of aversion or antipathy; "my dislike of him was instinctive"
ill will, enmity, hostility - the feeling of a hostile person; "he could no longer contain his hostility"
4.antagonism - (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure
interference, hinderance, hindrance - the act of hindering or obstructing or impeding
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry

antagonism

noun hostility, competition, opposition, conflict, rivalry, contention, friction, discord, antipathy, dissension There is much antagonism between the unions and the companies.
love, accord, agreement, friendship, sympathy, harmony, amity, peacefulness

antagonism

noun
1. Deep-seated hatred, as between longtime opponents or rivals:
Translations
خُصومَة، عِداء
antagonismusnepřátelství
antagonismefjendskab
fjandskapur
antagonizmus
düşmanlıkkin

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzəm] N (towards sb) → hostilidad f; (between people) → rivalidad f, antagonismo m

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzəm] nantagonisme m
racial antagonism → antagonisme des races
class antagonism → antagonisme des classes
antagonism towards sth → hostilité à qch
antagonism towards sb → hostilité envers qn

antagonism

n (between people, theories etc) → Antagonismus m; (towards sb, ideas, a suggestion, change etc) → Feindseligkeit f, → Feindlichkeit f(to(wards) gegenüber); to arouse somebody’s antagonismjdn gegen sich aufbringen

antagonism

[ænˈtægənɪzm] nantagonismo

antagonist

(ӕnˈtӕgənist) noun
an opponent or enemy.
anˈtagonism noun
unfriendliness, hostility.
anˌtagoˈnistic adjective
anˌtagoˈnistically adverb
anˈtagonize, anˈtagonise verb
to make an enemy of (someone). You are antagonizing her by your rudeness.
References in classic literature ?
I say adversaries, for on recalling such proud memories we should avoid the word "enemies," whose hostile sound perpetuates the antagonisms and strife of nations, so irremediable perhaps, so fateful - and also so vain.
The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with clash antagonisms.
We are armed all over with subtle antagonisms, which, as soon as we meet, begin to play, and translate all poetry into stale prose.
She had an active force of antagonism within her, when the antagonism turned on the defence either of plans or persons that she believed in; and the wrongs which she felt that Will had received from her husband, and the external conditions which to others were grounds for slighting him, only gave the more tenacity to her affection and admiring judgment.
Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord.
He was conscious of the antagonism which had sprung up like a wall between them.
He moved through the hours as a man in a maze, unrecognizable to himself, half unconscious, half heedless of the fact that the garments of his carefully cultivated antagonism to the world and to his fellows had slipped very easily from his unresisting shoulders.
The speaker, a clever Jew, won Martin's admiration at the same time that he aroused his antagonism.
He saw that Russia has splendid land, splendid laborers, and that in certain cases, as at the peasant's on the way to Sviazhsky's, the produce raised by the laborers and the land is great--in the majority of cases when capital is applied in the European way the produce is small, and that this simply arises from the fact that the laborers want to work and work well only in their own peculiar way, and that this antagonism is not incidental but invariable, and has its roots in the national spirit.
Pity and softened memory took place of the old antagonism, and in his busy thoughts about the future, as the chaise carried him rapidly along towards the home where he was now to be master, there was a continually recurring effort to remember anything by which he could show a regard for his grandfather's wishes, without counteracting his own cherished aims for the good of the tenants and the estate.
Nicholas and his wife lived together so happily that even Sonya and the old countess, who felt jealous and would have liked them to disagree, could find nothing to reproach them with; but even they had their moments of antagonism.