antepenult


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to antepenult: antepenultimate

an·te·pe·nult

 (ăn′tē-pē′nŭlt′, -pĭ-nŭlt′)
n.
The third syllable from the end in a word, such as te in antepenult.

[Short for Late Latin antepaenultima, from feminine of antepaenultimus, antepenultimate; see antepenultimate.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

antepenult

(ˌæntɪpɪˈnʌlt) or

antepenultima

n
(Linguistics) the third last syllable in a word
[C16: shortened from Latin (syllaba) antepaenultima; see ante-, penult]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

an•te•pe•nult

(ˌæn tiˈpi nʌlt, -pɪˈnʌlt)

n.
the third syllable from the end in a word, as te in antepenult.
[1575–85; < Latin (syllaba)antepaenultima the second (syllable) from the last. See ante-, penult]
an`te•pe•nul′ti•mate, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.antepenult - the 3rd syllable of a word counting back from the endantepenult - the 3rd syllable of a word counting back from the end
syllable - a unit of spoken language larger than a phoneme; "the word `pocket' has two syllables"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

antepenult

[ˌæntipɪˈnʌlt] Nsílaba f antepenúltima
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Stress placement is subject to 'quantity-sensitivity', i.e., it is sensitive to syllable weight (light, heavy, or superheavy); it also has the demarcative property where the position of the main stress is limited to the last three syllables of the word and never exceeds the antepenult window.
Consonant-final words stressed on the final syllable are considered regulars (carTEL "poster") while antepenult stress is always irregular (PIcaro "villainous"; Pensado, 1999).
(11) In this example, the initial syllable [ae] is strong with respect to the antepenult [v[??]].
Its starting point is an article by Cyrus Gordon,(11) who found that the stress shifts from the normal penultimate position, as in qatalti, to final position, wqatalti, "when, and only when, (a) the penult is a closed syllable or (b) the penult and antepenult are both naturally long syllables".
Otherwise, stress falls on either the penult or the antepenult whichever is separated from a preceding heavy syllable (or word boundary) by an even number of light syllables, including zero".
Therefore, stress may fall on the antepenult of a suffix form, such as (5b), (5c), (5d), constituting an apparent counterexample to the generalization of a penultimate stress pattern.
Applying the Peripherality and Nonexhaustivity conditions, the rightmost foot is rendered extrametrical, resulting in stress being assigned to the antepenult by ERR.
Stress placement on the 4829 most frequent polysyllabic words in Spanish Word ending Final stress Penult stress Antepenult stress Vowel 178 2494 178 /s/ 20 909 94 Consonant (except /s/) 778 176 2 Table 2.