anterior fontanelle


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Noun1.anterior fontanelle - corresponds to the bregma when bones have ossifiedanterior fontanelle - corresponds to the bregma when bones have ossified
fontanel, fontanelle, soft spot - any membranous gap between the bones of the cranium in an infant or fetus
References in periodicals archive ?
Examination revealed open and flat anterior fontanelle, depressed neonatal reflexes and unremarkable systemic examination.
Complete physical examination was performed and complications of mercury administration like abdominal distension, dyspnoea, pallor, bulging anterior fontanelle were also noted.
In both patients under one year old, the clinic presented as inconsolable crying, vomiting and a bulging anterior fontanelle (Table 1).
The physical examination was as follows: weight: 9500 g (75-90p), height:75 cm (75-90 p), head circumference: 44 cm (10-25p), the anterior fontanelle was open and she had nine teeth.
The anterior fontanelle was normally opened, with no dysmorphic features.
In the first case (28-year-old female), the patient had the typical phenotypic characteristics of cleidocranial dysostosis (short stature, open anterior fontanelle, typical facial appearance, a wide and protruding forehead, and dental problems), bilateral pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle, slightly widened pubic symphysis, small iliac wings, bilateral shortness of the femoral neck and coxa vara, bilateral genu valgum in the lower extremity, progressive scoliosis, and a positive family history (in her father and grandmother) at presentation.
At 4 years old, he presented with a large anterior fontanelle, low-set ears, bushy eyebrows, synophrys, shallow orbit, mild proptosis, hypertelorism, flat nasal bridge, micrognathia, downslanted palpebral fissures, short neck, stubby fingers, and joint hypermobility [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]c; and his immunoglobulin E (IgE) increased (no exact data), but without allergic symptom.{Figure 1}
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare autosomal dominant skeletal disorder, characterized by delayed closure of anterior fontanelle, absent or hypoplastic clavicles, dental problems, and short stature.
Her head circumference stabilized, sutures became opposed and the anterior fontanelle softened.
She was conscious and alert, anterior fontanelle was patent, no other midline defects were identified, and primitive reflexes were normal with good tones.
CT head showed open anterior fontanelle, large cranial vault with thin diploic space, and no abnormality in the brain (Figure 2(c)).
Cranial ultrasonography was performed through the anterior fontanelle with an 8 MHz curvilinear probe using a Vivid S5 General Electric Healthcare ultrasound machine (USA).

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