It would be a crude simplification, of course, to argue that there are no fundamental differences that set Viktor Orban's Hungary apart from the rising antialien
sentiments that brought the Brexiters to power in Britain or between both of these and Israel's hypernationalist hawks.
Scholars such as Laura Yungblut have suggested that early modern England was a xenophobic place in which antialien
sentiment ran strong even though considerable numbers of Continental merchants plied their trade in London and even though waves of French Huguenots and Flemish artisans, many fleeing religious persecution, had settled throughout England in the sixteenth century.
By the 1970's, as traditional antialien
rhetoric began to fall out of favor, the Right turned to different adversaries and ideologies.
There was also a period of harsh anti-immigrant or antialien
pol icies and legislations directed at groups seen as undesirable by the dominant groups.