The founder of the MCF, Fenner Brockway, was an indefatigable anticolonial
campaigner, and was so both before and after the brief time in which anticolonialism was a popular political movement.
She notes some disturbing constants too, such as the fact that the indigenous population always seems to be homogenized and stereotyped, even in the anticolonial
But attributing the questioning of colonialism exclusively to these Marxist-oriented militant organizations tells only part of the history of anticolonial
Rogers, writing in the Pittsburgh Courier, indicated that Freedomways had come at the "right time," and like Redding, noted Du Bois' early involvement with the magazine and its significant coverage of African anticolonial
Yet, this space also became the theatre for confronting colonial domination with tropes of anticolonial
Rural insurgents were not inspired by the anticolonial
ideology which motivated creole elites.
The second section treats the Japanese occupation of West Sumatra and the postwar revolution, also pointing out that the Minangkabau plans for the anticolonial
military struggle differed significantly from those of the Republic's leaders in Java.
But, by that time, the Vietnamese anticolonial
Marxist revolutionaries, Ho Chi Minh and Vo Nguyen Giap, were leading a nationalist and communist insurgency against the Japanese.
The Black Jacobins is considered a brilliant work and the definitive read about the Haitian revolution and the anticolonial
movements of the 20th century.