antiemetics


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antiemetics

(also called antinauseants) Used to prevent nausea and thus vomiting; mainly used by travelers to combat motion sickness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, this dose of propofol exhibits greater antiemetic efficiency than do traditional antiemetics (metoclopramide and droperidol) (27).
To determine whether antiemetics reduce vomiting and decrease need for further intervention without significant adverse effects, University of North Carolina researchers performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective controlled trials evaluating medication use in children with vomiting from gastroenteritis.
To determine the value of antiemetics in relieving vomiting, the investigators reviewed findings from 11 studies on this topic.
Since its release in 1970, droperidol had been one of the preferred antiemetics for the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and the treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).
Eighteen patients in Group A (90%), 10 in Group B (50%) and 11 in Group C (55%) required rescue antiemetics (Table III).
However, when ondansetron was administered at the end of the operation, it significantly reduced the need for rescue antiemetics in the recovery room (36% versus 64% in the control group).
Drug therapy can include antiemetics, prokinetic agents, and proton pump inhibitors to limit acid, which slows gastric emptying.
The SNBL subsidiaries specialize in nasal drug delivery: Translational Research has expertise in drug delivery technologies designed for insulin, morphine and antiemetics, while Bioactis has developed Fit-lizer, a proprietary medical device for delivering agents to the nose.
But other antiemetics may have more effect on pain and migraine-related nausea, according to Ian Colman, a postgraduate student at the University of Cambridge (England), and his colleagues.
Intravenous fluids (Hartmans solution) and oral antiemetics (prochlorperazine) were administered, but vitamins were not given.
The advent of effective antiemetics and short-acting anesthetic agents has significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting.