Members of the Aspergillusgenre are widely reported for the production of bioactive metabolites, organic acids, enzymes and various other enzyme inhibitors, antihelminthics
, antitumour agents, insecticides, vitamins, immunosuppressant and immunomodulators.12 Isolate A.
Some of the methods for determination of levamisole, along with some antihelminthics
in various biological samples by HPLC, have been developed, including determination of the anthelmintic levamisole in plasma and gastrointestinal fluids by high-performance liquid chromatography by Marriner S et al.
Haematinics 20% Antibiotics 13% Protein supplements 11% Steroids 8% Calcium 6% Antihyertensives 5% Tocolytics 5% Antiemetics 4% Progesterone 4% IVF 4% Vitamin 3% Antihelminthics
3% Insuln 2% PPTS 2% Others 10% Note: Table made from bar graph.
(6) The authors concluded that imported gnathostomiasis was typically cutaneous, and that relapses were common after initial treatment with recommended antihelminthics
Average cost per day ORS+ Zinc 12 ORS+ Zinc + Probiotic 82 ORS+ Zinc + Probiotic + Antibiotic 95 ORS + Zinc + Probiotic + Antibiotic + 103 Antiprotozoal + Antihelminthics
Addition of probiotics and antibiotics increases the health care cost to the family and society.
Drugs in the others category included calcium and vitamin D tablets (48; 40.68%), multivitamins (41; 34.75%), iron and folic acid (12; 10.18%), antihelminthics
(albendazole) (5; 4.24%), cognition enhancers (piracetam) (4; 3.39%), and each of sildenafil, herbal syrup, ethinyl estradiol, and proton pump inhibitor (pantoprazole) (2; 1.69%) [Table 7].
A total of 5010 prescriptions were recorded and the commonest medicines prescribed were multivitamins (30.5%) analgesics (28.3%) antibiotics (22.3%) and antihelminthics
Efficacy of some antihelminthics
against the swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus of eel Anguilla anguilla under saltwater conditions.