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Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents, including the glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, and the mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone. Also called adrenocorticosteroid.


(ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈstɪərɔɪd) or


1. (Biochemistry) any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
2. (Pharmacology) any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases


(ˌkɔr tɪ koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-)

1. any of a class of steroid hormones formed in the cortex of the adrenal gland and having antiinflammatory properties.
2. any chemically similar synthesized hormone.
Also called cor•ti•coid (ˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesizedcorticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
mineralocorticoid - hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
Cortef, cortisol, hydrocortisone, Hydrocortone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
cortisone, Cortone Acetate - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
Decadron, dexamethasone, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
Aldactone, spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
Aristocort, Aristopak, Kenalog, triamcinolone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent


n corticosteroide or corticoesteroide m
References in periodicals archive ?
11) Kakar et al (2) found that patients with gluten-sensitive enteropathy had increased levels of IELs; however, they were not able to demonstrate significant elevations compared with patients with immune disorders or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use.
Experts say they have no reports of Askit ingredients - aspirin, caffeine citrate and the antiinflammatory drug aloxiprin - causing physical addiction.
An emergency summit in Brussels, attended by seven member states, also agreed to test for "bute" - a powerful horse antiinflammatory drug which could pose a health risk if passed on to humans.
Potter also alleged that in many cases equine passports, which determine whether a former racehorse is fit for human consumption on the basis of previous medical history - including whether it has had bute, an antiinflammatory drug - are inaccurate.
CHICAGO -- Patients who received treatment with a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug following a first-time myocardial infarction had a significantly increased rate of subsequent atrial fibrillation or stroke, based on data collected since 1997 from more than 88,000 Danish residents.
88); however, with the addition of an antiinflammatory drug (four cases), the odds were attenuated and no longer statistically significant.
Aspirin is a very effective antiinflammatory drug because it covalently and irreversibly modifies COX1 and COX2, thereby blocking the rate-limiting step of prostaglandin synthesis.
Practical management: nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use in athletic injuries.
The researchers focused on three areas: the effects of omega 3 fatty acids on clinical signs of osteoarthritis in dogs; the effects of omega 3 fatty acids on weight bearing in dogs with the disease; and the effects of omega 3 fatty acids on nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) dosage in dogs with osteoarthritis.
Tocilizumab is used with the standard antiinflammatory drug methotrexate and has been found to improve remission rates sixfold.
Risk of death or reinfarction associated with the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and nonselective nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug after acute myocardial infarction.
Arielle Newman, a 17 year-old cross-country runner from New York died after her body absorbed high levels of methyl salicylate, an antiinflammatory drug found in sports creams designed to sooth aching muscles.