Among specific topics are the official records of the Council, the revival of Papalism at the Council of Basel, lawyers and legal proceedings in the Council, the Council and negotiations with the Greeks, and Felix V as the last antipope
Good thing that no antipope
ever came into contact with an actual pope, as that could potentially be catechismic
There have been nine popes who carried that name: from Bonifatius Primus (Boniface I) to Bonifatius Nonus (Boniface IX), although the seventh one was antipope
John XXIII was deposed and put on trial "the most scandalous charges were suppressed; the vicar of Christ was only accused of piracy, murder, rape, sodomy, and incest.
The "criminal pope" is more commonly known today as Antipope
John XXIII: he opposed the rightful pope and committed a series of crimes that were not necessarily crimes against the church--piracy, rape, incest, murder, and sodomy.
The Philosophe says not a word about Charles IV's herculean effort to associate the HRE with "Saint" Charlemagne (Frederick Barbarossa's antipope
had him canonized in 1165) and the newly acquired relics (of Charlemagne and of the Passion) at Prague.
Eugenius endured multiple crises during his papal tenure, such as the rival Council of Basel, the antipope
Felix V, Eugenius' flight from Rome in 1434, and constant war against the various political powers of Italy.
In 1415, Pope Gregory XII resigned in an effort to put an end to the so-called 'Western Schism' 6 a complex web of affairs in which two others -- the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII and the Antipope
John XXIII 6 also claimed the papacy.
In 1135, a time when the Church was divided by a schism which had led to the election of Anacletus II as antipope
, Bernard of Clairvaux began to write a series of sermons (never completed) on the "Song of Songs.
Help us picture how, on horseback, trudging through a rustic medieval village, former apostolic secretary Poggio Bracciolini, freed from his service to the recently disgraced Antipope
John XXIII, searches for a long-lost manuscript by the Roman materialist poet, Lucretius.
Cartagena was directly influenced by the biblical treatment of deafness in a work by the antipope
Pedro de Luna, Consolaciones de la vida humana, which at once envisioned deafness as an infirmity and also placed the deaf on a pedestal as somehow closer to God and able to hear with the ears of the soul.
Benedict X was an Antipope
- a rival to the then Pope Nicholas II.