This is an important point to make, for Pietism has been regarded as an antirational
current running contrary to Enlightenment ideals and aspirations, even suspect of cultivating "enthusiasm" in its emotive religiosity.
The result is a non-rational but not antirational
portrait of an intellectual giant who suffered from his greatest asset: pioneering scholarship, blazing innovative paths of learning yet lacking controllable confidence in receiving peer criticism.
"Sabotaging] language in a deliberately antirational
way," as Benjamin Keatinge observes, the novel demonstrates this fallacy by making "the rational faculties appear as their obverse--insanity" (2004,92).The result is what Hugh Kenner memorably calls Watt:"a raid of syntax upon chaos" (1973, 77).
It is at the antirational
edge that poesy occupies that Novalis has the greatest value for the Maori writer, for to be poetic is to possess a greater creative and political insight into Being.
It is not antirational
but para-rational, not realistic but sur-realistic, super-realistic, a heightening of reality" (1992:79).
Yet modern naturalists can themselves be charged with being antirational
inasmuch as they have merely hi-jacked the name of naturalism by assuming that science is in the best position to reply to the perennial question 'What is Nature?' For very few modern naturalists pay much attention to the over-arching problem of what meaning should be assigned to this pivotal idea, never mind attempting to trace the provenance of the insights and intuitions which inform this culture's preferred choice of fundamental ideas about it.
Multiculturalism--a formative and dominant aspect of advanced liberalism, if not exactly synonymous with it--is obviously and profoundly antidemocratic in its rejection of majoritarian rule, and entirely antirational
in its vision of a cobbled-together egalitarian society of wildly dissimilar and culturally unequal minorities.
Those of us who participated in the mid-1990s conference called The Flight From Science and Reason, devoted to countering this antirational
onslaught, found ourselves pilloried by the academic left for supporting a reactionary cause and accepting funds (out of necessity) from conservative foundations.
Elsewhere I explain this by arguing that Zen, is complementary with the narrow codifications of modernity--rationalism, intellectualism, optimization, secularism and utopianism--that postmodernism repudiated, whereas Tibetan Buddhism tends to be antirational
, anti-intellectual, anti-optimizational, anti-secular and anti-utopian.
However, Durbach's analysis and other analyses (13) show that it is not correct to portray antivaccinationists indiscriminately as antirational
, antimodern, and antiscientific.
Ad hoc adventurism, personal bravura, an aversion to theory oddly akin to the antirational
biases of postmodernism, celebrations of theoretical incoherence (pluralism), a basically apolitical and anti-organizational commitment to imagination, desire, and ecstasy, and an intensely self-oriented enchantment of everyday life, reflect the toll that social reaction has taken on Euro-American anarchism over the past two decades (Ibid., pp.
That what is called 'Islamic theology' is a rather misleading translation of 'ilm al-Kalam (literally, 'Science of Discourse/Speech'), and that it is a rational and not an antirational
discipline, providing a viable alternative to Greek philosophy, must be understood.