And worse adherence had an impact in veterans taking an antiretroviral
combination including a protease inhibitor.
In all study areas, participants with positive test results could go to a study clinic to have their results confirmed and begin antiretroviral
therapy if eligible (i.
In its first consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral
therapy to treat HIV, WHO estimated that earlier treatment could prevent 3 million deaths and 3.
EWIs measure how well antiretroviral
programmes are performing in terms of factors associated with the emergence of drug resistance, such as clinic appointment-keeping and loss to follow-up.
Despite this progress, there remains a significant unmet need for antiretroviral
treatment in South Africa; monitoring of antiretroviral
coverage is therefore important to identify where the shortfall is greatest and to quantify coverage according to different definitions of 'need'.
The optimal time to start antiretroviral
therapy remains one of the major unanswered questions in the current treatment era.
Declines in low birth weight and preterm birth among infants who were born to HIV-infected women during an era of increased use of maternal antiretroviral
drugs: Pediatric Spectrum of HIV Disease, 1989-2004, Pediatrics, 2007, 119(4):e900-e906.
The Perinatal Hotline provides around-the-clock advice on indications and interpretations of standard and rapid HIV testing in pregnancy as well as consultation on antiretroviral
use in pregnancy, labor and delivery, and the postpartum period.
You have a higher risk of developing high cholesterol, most likely because of the antiretroviral
A recent investigation of 20 women in Botswana receiving highly active antiretroviral
therapy showed that breastmilk concentrations of nevirapine, lamivudine and zidovudine were 0.
One, who was not receiving antiretroviral
treatment, had a plasma HIV RNA level of 53,000 copies/mL; the second, who was receiving antiretroviral
treatment, had a plasma HIV RNA level of 92 copies/mL.
Earlier this year, UNICEF estimated that no more than 25,000 of these children (about 1%) currently receive antiretroviral