(1999): small size (Forearm length: 47.40 - 49.30 mm), brown dorsal pelage, belly paler than the back, tail protruding from the uropatagium at least half of its length, rostrum slightly naked, pointed muzzle, smooth lips without pronounced folds, thick ears, rounded and widely separated in the crown, inner ear keel ends up behind the posterior border of the antitragus
, sagittal and lambdoid crest poorly developed, basisphenoid pits moderately deep and rounded.
The exact form of the funnel locking-apparatus, oval in most taxa but often with posterior inward protruding knobs (antitragus
), has a strong value as a species-specific character (Young et al., 2006).
2b and 2c), which are (P1) the most posterior point on the edge of the incisura anterior auris; (P2) the bump point of tragus; (P3) the deepest point in the incisura intertragica notch; (P4) the bump point of antitragus
; (P5) the strongest antihelical curvature; (P6) the deepest point on the floor of auricular concha; (P7) the central point of the ear canal opening.
The outer margins of the ears however were curved round to form a prominent antitragus
. The muzzle of the bat was well covered with hairs.
After detection of the xiphoid distance between the mouth and the antitragus
, the NET was advanced at least along this distance, and subsequently after hearing the voice on auscultation by aerating from the tube, it was advanced an additional 20-30 cm.
the subcortex point centered on the antitragus
. The sham point pellets were located 5 mm away from the real points.
A more frequently used method for excising cartilage alone is the posterior approach described by Beasley and Jones, who suggest segmental excision over the lower part of the concha in cases with a prominent antitragus
. (27) Bauer has proposed anterior excision of the cartilage together with the skin.
External examination revealed a craniofacial dysmorphism including dolichocephaly, hypertelorism, epicanthus, proptosis, convex nasal ridge, retrognathia, micrognathia, and small and low-set ears with prominent antitragus
, underfolded helix, and absence of right earlobe.
Bat species of the genus Molossops Peters, 1866 (Chiroptera, Molossidae) are restricted to South America and are distinguished from other molossids by a relatively large tragus (at least half the size of antitragus
), a short and wide antitragus
, elongated and pointed ears that have a flexible fold where they are attached to the head, and a single pair of incisors in the mandible (Gregorin & Taddei 2002; Eger 2008).
On physical examination at 34 years old she had normal body measurements and thin sparse hair, scalp nodules, without hair over them, low nasal bridge, excess of nasofrontal soft tissue with dystopia canthorum, widely spaced teeth with oligodontia, cupped protruding ears with small tragus and antitragus
, absent nipples, partial skin sindactilia of third and fourth fingers and second and third toes--with thin and hypoplastic nails--and camptodactyly of fifth fingers, dry skin, and scanty secondary sexual hair (Figure 1(b)).
The ear has a low, rounded tragus and a small, well-developed antitragus
that lacks a basal lobe; pinnae are separated and project anteriorly; the upper lip is broad, slightly wrinkled, conspicuously fringed with hairs, and extends over the lower lip; nostrils are tubular; wings broad, with thin flight membranes; legs and feet are slender; tail is enclosed in the uropatagium, except for the last two vertebrae, which extend free beyond the interfemoral membrane; skull is dorsoventrally flattened with a conspicuous shallow depression in the middle of the nasals that makes the anterior end of the rostrum appear to flare up; auditory bullae are disc shaped, reflecting the great expansion of the margin of its inner border (Figs.
In this survey, morphological characters as colure, distribution of hair, shape of uropatagium (tail membrane) and nose leaf, calcar (a foot spur of cartilage that supports the membrane between the foot and tail), post calcar, shape of ear, tragus and antitragus
. wingspan, total length (head and body), tail, foot and forearm length (from the base of the thumb to the end of the ulna), were measured by caliper (0.01cm) and weighted with 0.01 gr.