antivenins


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antivenins

Serums containing specific antibodies used to treat snakebite.
References in periodicals archive ?
So far we have registered two antivenins which are very effective," noted Dr Matendechero.
Retrospection and prospection for manufacturing of snake antivenins in Taiwan.
The distribution centers will stock 148 lifesaving and essential medical supplies including emergency blood and oxytocin to save women's lives in childbirth postpartum haemorrhage which is the leading cause of maternal death, emergency medicines for surgeries, severe infections, antivenins and anti-rabies, diabetic emergencies, extremely high blood pressure emergencies.
These antivenins are found in the pharmacies of most hospitals where snake envenomation is endemic.
ISLAMABAD -- Snakes kill or cripple 500,000 people a year, but antivenins are costly and rare in poor countries.
Prognosis for survival of snake bite envenomation in dogs and cats is good but depends on severity of clinical signs, accurate identification of the snake involved, and treatment with appropriate antivenins. Seventy-five percent of dogs and 91% of cats treated with antivenin survived as compared to only 66% of cats and 31% of dogs that did not receive antivenin in one retrospective study [78].
Unlike the common antivenins of venom proteome, Garcia Denegri et al.
Studies of Scorpion Antivenins. Bulletin World Health Organization, 28, 505-511.
Hematologic values and serum enzymes in horses inoculated with snake venoms for the production of antivenins in Costa Rica.
Four antivenins are commercially available for acute envenomation: black widow spider antivenin, Centruroides (scorpion) immune [F(ab').sub.2] (equine), crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) (North American rattlesnake), and North American coral snake antivenin (equine).
Toxin-induced anaphylaxis may occur with antivenins, foods, insect stings, antibiotics and vaccines.
Chippaux, who currently works with other experts in Senegal to develop antivenins, presents a synthesis of the principal discoveries on venoms and envenomations as well as the paleontology and classification of snakes.