We have placed the following under the category of felicitous semantic relations: antonymy
, hyponymy, lexical and semantic fields (2).
Lexical relation: hyponymy and hypernymy, homonymy, antonymy
What ideologically significant relations of meaning (synonymy, antonymy
, hyponymy) are there between words?
The semantic relationships between the components in the binomials in The Schoole can be divided into synonymy (example 48), antonymy
(example 49), and contiguity (examples 50 and 51).
Semantic relations and the lexicon: antonymy
, synonymy, and other paradigms.
One of my reasons for choosing rindu' as an example is that rindu' appears to be one of a number of Iban words that have undergone an apparent innovation characterized by what Robert Blust (1980) has described as "antonymy
" or "semantic polarization"--that is, a reversal of meaning in some semantic feature or features of the word.
The notion of lexical field has the advantage of being characterised by openness and by the possibility of being subdivided into ordered subfields whose specificity is granted by peculiar semantic relations (polysemy, synonymy, antonymy
); their analysis, made by means of specific linguistic tools, enables the verbalisation of ideas regarding a certain topic.
As regards antonymy
, instances are not numerous since architectural terms generally do not reflect qualities or processes.
The symmetric character of synonymy and antonymy
is not only common sense, but also commonly accepted by academic linguists , It follows, then, that [w.sub.n] must also be a contronym of order n.
Chiasmus, a term crossing, forming a parallel or an antithesis: "As our cities are not conceived for the car, our cars are conceived for the city" (Volkswagen); hypallage, a change of assigning to certain words what would logically belong to others : "Hiring Super, it's Citer" (Citer, a make of car hire, instead of saying "Hiring Citer, it's super"); antonymy
, a very interesting figure, and also much-used to achieve a persuasive effect: "The less you drive, the faster you go"(Air Inter), "When you buy the first TV set, buy the last Sony"(Sony).