What ideologically significant relations of meaning (synonymy, antonymy
, hyponymy) are there between words?
The semantic relationships between the components in the binomials in The Schoole can be divided into synonymy (example 48), antonymy
(example 49), and contiguity (examples 50 and 51).
Semantic relations and the lexicon: antonymy
, synonymy, and other paradigms.
Nevertheless, it can be claimed that the pairs: scarp: counterscarp and crenel: merlon do represent antonymy
The symmetric character of synonymy and antonymy
is not only common sense, but also commonly accepted by academic linguists , It follows, then, that [w.
Chiasmus, a term crossing, forming a parallel or an antithesis: "As our cities are not conceived for the car, our cars are conceived for the city" (Volkswagen); hypallage, a change of assigning to certain words what would logically belong to others : "Hiring Super, it's Citer" (Citer, a make of car hire, instead of saying "Hiring Citer, it's super"); antonymy
, a very interesting figure, and also much-used to achieve a persuasive effect: "The less you drive, the faster you go"(Air Inter), "When you buy the first TV set, buy the last Sony"(Sony).
Mostly these methods utilize words relationship (synonymy, hyperonymy, antonymy
, hyponymy) to find the word in a list.
Here in both cases we are seeing the use of Negated Antonymy
(4), in which the assertion of X and the negation of Y serve to reinforce the assertion of X.
Of paradigmatic relations, the words under discussion mostly display antonymy
Word meaning has four aspects: denotation, or reference to something in the "real world" (15); connotation, or "often emotive" positive and negative associations (16); sense or semantic relations, such as synonymy, antonymy
, hyponymy, and meronymy (17); and collocation, or the "likelihood that two words will co-occur" (18).
The relations between words will largely depend on word class, adjectives producing mainly synonymy, antonymy
and gradation (Henriksen 1999).
avoir du caractere/de la personnalite, raide/tendu) or antonymy