apneusis


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Related to apneusis: ataxic breathing, cluster breathing

apneusis

(æpˈnuːsɪs)
n
(Pathology) pathol protracted gasping inhalation followed by short inefficient exhalation, which can cause asphyxia
[from a-1 + Greek pnein to breathe]
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In animal models, daily administration of cocaine for seven days (20 mg/kg ip.), to BChE knockout mice which expressed low or no activity in catalyzing it, quickly caused cardiomyopathy, respiratory depression (for approximately 12 hours), abnormal breathing patterns (apneusis), and at a histological level, significant liver toxicity and cardiac perivascular fibrosis.
Breathing abnormalities in RTT variably include/feature breath holdings, apneas, apneusis, hyperventilation, rapid shallow breathing, and spontaneous Valsalva maneuvers [9].