However, in these theses Kant means not a general and uncertain "philosophical" idea of space, but the quite particular to be used in physics: "For geometrical principles are always apodeictic
, that is, united with the consciousness of their necessity, as: "Space has only three dimensions." Considering straight lines in this space, Kant stresses the possibility of their unlimited continuation, and, as an example of synthetic judgment, points out that the connecting two points straight segment is also the shortest,--the property, which is not directly contained in some probably implied by him definition of the straight line.
Murphy notes that Judeo-Christian rhetors would consider appeals to scripture to be 'absolute, apodeictic
proof' (Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: A History of Rhetorical Theory from St.
Indicating the limits of the apodeictic
method, the Tahafut makes room for the epistemological claims of prophecy and mystical cognition, hence criticizing the philosopher's arguments rather than his conclusions.
Although philosophy, genuine science, can only be approximated gradually, it is reached by appealing to the eidos, the pure a priori, which anybody can grasp in apodeictic
This determination of the nature of the infinite is said to be 'apodeictic
'; and yet the real task is to show why this determination is the necessary means of ethics and practice.
10, "Philosophy and Dialectic" (1991; translated from French), Barnes tackles interpretations like that of Terence Irwin, who sees a rift between Aristotle's 'apodeictic
' logic and the 'dialectic', Irwin even going so far as to argue for a strong and weak dialectic.
Rhetorical anthropology is "an account of human behavior" that locates judgment between the tension of "ingenious" interpretation of material--extemporary, reliant on circumstance, and, importantly, subjectively "interested" in the outcome--and "apodeictic
" interpretation--the demonstration of material as if it were self-evident, regardless of circumstance (21).
The important point in this for Kung is the unconditional nature of this kind of supreme norm: "a norm which is not just hypothetical and conditioned but is categorical, apodeictic
and unconditioned-utterly practicable in the face of the extremely complex situation in which the individual or groups must often act." (19)