apodosis


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a·pod·o·sis

 (ə-pŏd′ə-sĭs)
n. pl. a·pod·o·ses (-sēz′)
The main clause of a conditional sentence, as The game will be canceled in The game will be canceled if it rains.

[Late Latin, from Greek, from apodidonai, to give back : apo-, apo- + didonai, to give; see dō- in Indo-European roots.]

apodosis

(əˈpɒdəsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1. (Logic) logic grammar the consequent of a conditional statement, as the game will be cancelled in if it rains the game will be cancelled. Compare protasis
2. (Grammar) logic grammar the consequent of a conditional statement, as the game will be cancelled in if it rains the game will be cancelled. Compare protasis
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek: a returning or answering (clause), from apodidonai to give back]

a•pod•o•sis

(əˈpɒd ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
the clause expressing the consequence in a conditional sentence, as then I will in If you go, then I will; conclusion. Compare protasis (def. 1).
[1630–40; < Late Latin < Greek: a returning, answering clause]

apodosis

the clause that expresses the consequence in a conditional sentence. Cf. protasis.
See also: Grammar
Translations

apodosis

[əˈpɒdəsɪs] Napódosis f
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, the question can be raised whether speech act conditionals are indeed incompatible with the use of distanced forms in both protasis and apodosis.
By contrast, the only way in which one could legitimately say that the relationship of "following" as understood in the third sense is deniable would be if the nature of the subject of the protasis did not logically entail the nature of the subject of the apodosis.
63) Again, the first apodosis is terrible: "the king will die, and his land will diminish.
Gurney himself--gave this account of the difficulty: that with regard to every other speaker whom he had ever heard, however rapid or involved, he could almost always, by long experience in his art, guess the form of the latter part, or apodosis, of the sentence by the form of the beginning; but that the conclusion of every one of Coleridge's sentences was a surprise upon him.
tenses of the verb in the apodosis of the petition: "as we too
The first apodosis is set up by the negative particle la nafiyatu al-jins (= the la that denies the whole genus).
Such incisiveness inspires the reader-viewer to interpret the emblem as a virtual syllogism, or more precisely enthymeme, in which the res picta, comprised by the picture and epigram together, constitutes the protasis, while the res significata, to be inferred by the inventive reader-viewer, supplies the apodosis that completes the enthymematic argument.
20) It appears that grammatically the first verb (este) forms the protasis of a "real" condition, but the second verb (epoieite) forms an "unreal" apodosis.
34/1 has piqat introducing the apodosis, and the rare iprus form in the apodosis (wilco tells us that this is an inferential conditional: "If they do not come to you.
Bloom renders one apodosis as if it were counterfactual, which makes the contrast between the two possibilities even stronger than the original Greek text suggests.
For example, it has been argued (Sweetser 1990; Dancygier 1998; Dancygier and Sweetser 2005) that all conditional protases are causally related to their apodoses (so that when the content of the protasis becomes a fact or is accepted as true, the apodosis indicates the result in the content domain, the conclusion in the epistemic domain, or the speech act performed).
Hankins emends to "sequatur," present subjunctive, to parallel the present subjunctive "uniat" and to reflect the fact that this short sentence is in effect the apodosis of a conditional sentence whose protasis was implied in the interrogative sentence prior to its occurrence.