34-36, 41-43) and your hypotheses regarding neurodevelopmental correlates to xenomelia and related disorders such as apotemnophilia
and body dysmorphia.
The most similar paraphilia is apotemnophilia
, which is the eroticization of being an amputee (Money, Jobaris, & Furth, 1977).
Somatoparaphrenia is a disorder whereby a patient denies ownership of one of his limbs, and which in rare cases may lead to apotemnophilia
, a strong desire for the amputation of a healthy limb (Bayne and Levy, 2005).
hit the news a few years ago when a man in Scotland asked his doctor to amputate a healthy leg because he felt it didn't belong on his body.
suicide and apotemnophilia
are not criminalisable under the Harm
A Scottish surgeon, Robert Smith, amputated the healthy legs of two patients suffering from apotemnophilia
. The patients had received psychiatric and psychological treatment prior to the operation, but did not respond.
Michael First terms the condition, which lacks a proper medical name, "a disorder that's completely off the map in the medical and psychiatric communities." The doctor stresses the disorder has little to do with apotemnophilia
, involving the sexual fantasies of losing limbs dramatized in David Cronenberg's "Crash." What helmer Gilbert finds, despite the lack of a term, is a real problem shared mostly by men, who appear otherwise cogent, thoughtful and even unusually intelligent.
Stephen believes that the condition has some parallels with apotemnophilia
, which is the desire to have healthy limbs removed because the sufferer does not feel they belong to their bodies, and body dysphoria, where a person has an extreme reaction to their looks.