apposition

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apposition

placing together or bringing into proximity; juxtaposition; the addition of one thing to another thing: The new parking structure was built in apposition to the library. In grammar, a syntactic relation between expressions having the same function and relation to other elements in the sentence, with the second expression identifying the first: John, my old boyfriend, showed up at my wedding. The phrase, my old boyfriend, is in apposition with John.
Not to be confused with:
opposition – resistance; antagonism or hostility; those opposing or protesting something or someone: The opposition is getting more votes.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

ap·po·si·tion

 (ăp′ə-zĭsh′ən)
n.
1. Grammar
a. A construction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic relation to the other elements in the sentence; for example, Copley and the painter in The painter Copley was born in Boston.
b. The relationship between such nouns or noun phrases.
2. A placing side by side or next to each other.
3. Biology The growth of successive layers of a cell wall.

[Middle English apposicioun, from Latin appositiō, appositiōn-, from appositus, past participle of appōnere, to put near; see apposite.]

ap′po·si′tion·al adj.
ap′po·si′tion·al·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

apposition

(ˌæpəˈzɪʃən)
n
1. a putting into juxtaposition
2. (Grammar) a grammatical construction in which a word, esp a noun phrase, is placed after another to modify its meaning
3. (Biology) biology growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposition of successive layers of material. Compare intussusception2
ˌappoˈsitional adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ap•po•si•tion

(ˌæp əˈzɪʃ ən)

n.
1. the act of placing together or bringing into proximity.
2. the addition of one thing to another thing.
3. a grammatical relation between expressions, usu. consecutive, that have the same referent and the same relation to other elements in the sentence, as between our first president and Washington in Washington, our first president, was born in Virginia.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin appositiō]
ap`po•si′tion•al, adj.
ap`po•si′tion•al•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

apposition

A grammatical construction in which one noun or noun phrase explains another immediately next to it, for example, in “Picasso, the painter.”
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.apposition - a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows; "`Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer' is an example of apposition"
limiting, qualifying, modification - the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
2.apposition - (biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
growing, growth, ontogenesis, ontogeny, maturation, development - (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; "he proposed an indicator of osseous development in children"
3.apposition - the act of positioning close together (or side by side)apposition - the act of positioning close together (or side by side); "it is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors"
locating, positioning, emplacement, location, placement, position - the act of putting something in a certain place
tessellation - the careful juxtaposition of shapes in a pattern; "a tessellation of hexagons"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
přístavek

apposition

[ˌæpəˈzɪʃən] N
1. [of position] → yuxtaposición f
2. (Gram) → aposición f
in appositionen aposición
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

apposition

[ˌæpəˈzɪʃən] n (GRAMMAR)apposition f
in apposition → en apposition
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

apposition

nApposition f, → Beifügung f; A is in apposition to B, A and B are in appositionA ist eine Apposition zu B
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

apposition

[ˌæpəˈzɪʃn] n (Gram) → apposizione f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of Olsen's observation on the semantic aspects of appositionals, we can investigate whether Japanese allows the combinations of the nouns denoting the relevant professions or the combinations of those nouns and a characteristic or a property intrinsic to the intended individual.
if the expressions in (27) were dubious as examples of appositionals, the same question could be addressed to English appositionals.
Appositional compounds and Hyponym-superordinate compounds.