apposition(redirected from appositionals)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
placing together or bringing into proximity; juxtaposition; the addition of one thing to another thing: The new parking structure was built in apposition to the library. In grammar, a syntactic relation between expressions having the same function and relation to other elements in the sentence, with the second expression identifying the first: John, my old boyfriend, showed up at my wedding. The phrase, my old boyfriend, is in apposition with John.
Not to be confused with:
opposition – resistance; antagonism or hostility; those opposing or protesting something or someone: The opposition is getting more votes.
a. A construction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic relation to the other elements in the sentence; for example, Copley and the painter in The painter Copley was born in Boston.
b. The relationship between such nouns or noun phrases.
2. A placing side by side or next to each other.
3. Biology The growth of successive layers of a cell wall.
[Middle English apposicioun, from Latin appositiō, appositiōn-, from appositus, past participle of appōnere, to put near; see apposite.]
1. a putting into juxtaposition
2. (Grammar) a grammatical construction in which a word, esp a noun phrase, is placed after another to modify its meaning
3. (Biology) biology growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposition of successive layers of material. Compare intussusception2
ap•po•si•tion(ˌæp əˈzɪʃ ən)
1. the act of placing together or bringing into proximity.
2. the addition of one thing to another thing.
3. a grammatical relation between expressions, usu. consecutive, that have the same referent and the same relation to other elements in the sentence, as between our first president and Washington in Washington, our first president, was born in Virginia.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin appositiō]
A grammatical construction in which one noun or noun phrase explains another immediately next to it, for example, in “Picasso, the painter.”
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||apposition - a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows; "`Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer' is an example of apposition"|
|2.||apposition - (biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material|
growing, growth, ontogenesis, ontogeny, maturation, development - (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; "he proposed an indicator of osseous development in children"
|3.||apposition - the act of positioning close together (or side by side); "it is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors"|
locating, positioning, emplacement, location, placement, position - the act of putting something in a certain place
tessellation - the careful juxtaposition of shapes in a pattern; "a tessellation of hexagons"