Miller, "Bruising, Laceration, and Lifelong Maiming; or, How We Encourage Research," ELH 70 (2003): 302.I defer for now my assessment of Miller's account of perfectionism, but concurring critical views--namely, that moral improvement is powered by approbative
yearning after exemplary others--appear in Claudia Moscovici, "Allusive Mischaracterization in Middlemarch" Nineteenth-Century Literature 49 (1995): 515; Imraan Coovadia, "George Eliot's Realism and Adam Smith," SEL 42 (2002): 830; Neil Hertz, George Eliot's Pulse (Stanford U.
A characterization of the Americans as cultural and eugenic threats infiltrates even the most apparently approbative
gestures in the novel, as in the tour of Honourslove that Sir Helmsley gives Nan.
There are some other off-putting gestures here, such as the introduction's surveying the approbative
state of early modern queer studies by quoting only previous work by those in the collection.
In this sense, 'perfect' is an approbative
term transcending the mundane implications of 'precise' or 'accurate'" (95), and Paul Brodtkorb states that Hilda's copies must be separated from "associations of non-creativity, plagiarism, forgery, and so on" which "were by no means as strong in the nineteenth century as they seem to be today" (260).
It is a life that is morally approbative
. Ndu ojoo, on the other hand, is a life of misery, suffering and pain.
While this maps well onto the evaluative sense of art in certain approbative
predications (as in "That's a work of art!"), it appears to leave anything like a purely classificatory, descriptive sense of "art" nowhere.