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Related to arabinose: Lyxose


 (ə-răb′ə-nōs′, ăr′ə-bə-)
A pentose sugar, C5H10O5, obtained from plant polysaccharides such as gums and hemicelluloses.

[(gum) arab(ic) + -in + -ose.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(əˈræbɪˌnəʊz; -ˌnəʊs)
(Elements & Compounds) a pentose sugar in plant gums, esp of cedars and pines. It is used as a culture medium in bacteriology. Formula: C5H10O5
[C19: from arabin (from (gum) arab(ic) + -in) + -ose2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(əˈræb əˌnoʊs)

a white, crystalline solid, C5H10O5, used esp. as a culture medium in bacteriology.
[1880–85; arabin the soluble essence of certain gums = ((gum) arab(ic) + -in1) + -ose2]
a•rab`i•nos′ic (-ˈnɒs ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Axis 2 primarily captures the transition from high arabinose metabolism at the negative end to high yeast extract and urea metabolism at the positive end (Table S2).
In present study the isolates fermented different carbohydrates such as rhaminose, sucrose, arabinose and oxidase, but they were negative for the fermentation of sorbitol, mannitol and glucose Glucose mannitol sorbitol and inositol fermentation tests were negative by Xac1, Xac2, Xac3, Xac4 and Xac5.
Indole -Neg; TSI-K/A with H2S production along the stab line only; Urease -Neg, Citrate +ve, Oxidase -Neg, Lysine +ve, Ornithine +ve, Arginine -Neg, PPA -Neg, Reduced nitrate to nitrite, ONPG -ve, Glucose -Acid+ gas; Sucrose -ve; Mannitol, Arabinose fermented; Adonitol -ve.
Species identification thus appears to rest on arabinose assimilation and 16S rDNA sequence.
"What we found was a new polysaccharide made up of the sugars glucose and arabinose - not just glucose as in beta-glucan," said Burton.
Stephen suggested that the polysaccharide components of the gum from peach tree belonged to the arabinogalactan group with amounts of arabinose, xylose, galactose, glucose, and uronic acids [5].
Coloration index, leached potassium, total titratable acidity, pH, electrical conductivity, caffeine, trigonelline, total phenolic compounds, sucrose, glucose, mannose, arabinose, galactose, proanthocyanidin, 3-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, and PPO activity were evaluated in beans harvested in the crop season 2011/2012 as described below.
The effect of this nonenzymatic alteration with four monosaccharides (glucose (G), mannose (M), arabinose (A), and rhamnose (R)) on the cell morphology and the direction of the differentiation was analyzed.
They produce acid without gas from glucose, arabinose and xylose, but not from mannitol when ammonium sulphate was used as a source of nitrogen (18).