Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to arbovirus: Arbovirus Encephalitis


Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.

[ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus.]

ar′bo·vi′ral adj.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.


(Microbiology) any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks
[C20: from ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus]


(ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several togaviruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
[1955–60; ar(thropod)-bo(rne) virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
References in periodicals archive ?
Leading bands Powersurge, Arbovirus, Shunno, Nemesis, Cryptic Fate, Lalon, Chirkutt and Artcell will perform in the concert to mesmerize the fans with rock music.
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an arbovirus belongs to the family Togaviridae and was discovered in Tanzania in year 953-54.
Address for correspondence: Severine Matheus, Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, Centre National de Reference des Arbovirus, laboratoire associe, 23 ave Pasteur, BP 6010-97306 Cayenne CEDEX, French Guiana; email: smatheus@pasteur-cayenne.
She has also been part of Pacific PaceNet Plus meetings, and facilitates ESR providing arbovirus confirmation testing to the Pacific Island communities in collaboration with SPC and WHO.
environmental effects on vector incidence), this and other areas in South Texas are considered high-risk for arbovirus activity, particularly DENV (8, 9).
11,12) We reviewed the arbovirus surveillance data for Incirlik Air Base (AB) in Turkey from 2011-2016 with a discussion of 2 major viruses.
Confirmatory serologic testing at the CDC Arbovirus Diagnostic Laboratory was equivocal for Zika virus IgM antibodies using the Zika MAC-ELISA.
En las zonas tropicales de America Latina, hemos sido testigos de la aparicion de varios arbovirus patogenos en la ultima decada.
Their topics include host metabolism and its contribution in flavivirus biogenesis, vector-borne bunyavirus pathogenesis and innate immune evasion, the role of inter-host and intra-host genetics in arbovirus evolution, the role of vertical transmission in mosquito-borne arbovirus maintenance and evolution, genetically modified vectors for controlling arboviruses, and small molecule drug development for dengue virus.
West Nile virus (WNV) is an arbovirus transmitted enzootically by Culex mosquito species among avian hosts.
Un nuevo virus, amenaza emerger en Venezuela dada su reciente circulacion en Suramerica: El Virus Zika (ZIKV), un arbovirus que pertenece al genero Flavivirus y fue aislado por primera vez en monos del bosque Zika en Uganda en 1947, de alli su nombre.
Arbovirus infections in Sarawak, October 1968-February 1970: GETAH virus isolations from mosquitoes.