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The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena.

ar′chae·o·as·tron′o·mer n.
ar′chae·o·as′tro·nom′i·cal (-ăs′trə-nŏm′ĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌɑːkɪəʊəˈstrɒnəmɪ) or


(Astronomy) the scientific study of the beliefs and practices concerning astronomy that existed in ancient and prehistoric civilizations
ˌarchaeoasˈtronomer, ˌarcheoasˈtronomer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Archaeoastronomer Clive Ruggles of the University of Leicester in England discovered the labyrinth--a single path leading to and from an earthen mound, with a series of disorienting twists and turns along its fiat, 4.4-kilometer-long course--by walking it himself.
In conjunction with the exhibition, archaeoastronomer Anthony Aveni presents his lecture The End of Time: The Maya Mystery of 2012 (March 20, 7-8 pm), an authoritative interpretation of the Maya Long Count calendar and the Maya universe.
Carlson, an archaeoastronomer who writes extensively on the Maya, contributed introductory essays for Chapters I and II, while Parsons wrote Chapters III, IV, and V on the Coastal Lowlands, Mexican Highlands, and on the Andean area.
According to Anthony Aveni, a Maya expert and archaeoastronomer at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York, "I got into an email dialogue with a high school student who was quite seriously concerned that the world was going to end.
Last year a class of 28 Americans from the University of California in Los Angeles spent two weeks studying the country's historical sites under the leadership of archaeoastronomer and Sky & Telescope contributing editor E.
"[This unpredictable refraction casts doubt on some claims by archaeoastronomers that ancient stone walls and monuments are aligned with the rising and setting directions of specific celestial objects.