Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena.

ar′chae·o·as·tron′o·mer n.
ar′chae·o·as′tro·nom′i·cal (-ăs′trə-nŏm′ĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌɑːkɪəʊəˈstrɒnəmɪ) or


(Astronomy) the scientific study of the beliefs and practices concerning astronomy that existed in ancient and prehistoric civilizations
ˌarchaeoasˈtronomer, ˌarcheoasˈtronomer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The new findings promise to resolve a long-standing controversy in archaeoastronomy. Proponents of ancient precision -- most notably the late Scottish engineer Alexander Thom -- concluded that neolithic peoples must have studied heavenly motions as scientists, for the sake of knowledge itself.
(2001): "Orientation of pre-Islamic temples of the North-West of Africa", Archaeoastronomy, 26, pp.
Schaefer is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Louisiana State University and is on the board of advisors for both the Journal for the History of Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy. An S&T subscriber since 1969, he has read all issues back to volume 1.
The only missing piece in this sort of grid is the pyramid of Userkare," Giulio Magli, professor of archaeoastronomy at Milan's Polytechnic University, told Discovery News.
Archaeoastronomy in East Asia; historical observational records of comets and meteor showers from China, Japan and Korea.
South to the island of Gotland we visit a United Nations Heritage Site, and explore countryside archaeoastronomy sites.
Justeson, "Ancient Maya Ethnoastronomy: An Overview of Hieroglyphic Sources," in Worm Archaeoastronomy (New York: Cambridge Univ.
They provide precedents for archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy which, as distinctive viewpoints on tribal cultures, are fairly new developments.
The Crow may have been too much influenced by their contacts with Europeans to qualify, critics objected at the session devoted to archaeoastronomy during the recent meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Pasadena, Calif.
The observatory is in Chaco Culture National Historical Park, which protects important archaeoastronomy ruins in northwestern New Mexico (May issue, page 26).