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The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena.

ar′chae·o·as·tron′o·mer n.
ar′chae·o·as′tro·nom′i·cal (-ăs′trə-nŏm′ĭ-kəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌɑːkɪəʊəˈstrɒnəmɪ) or


(Astronomy) the scientific study of the beliefs and practices concerning astronomy that existed in ancient and prehistoric civilizations
ˌarchaeoasˈtronomer, ˌarcheoasˈtronomer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The work of archeoastronomers like Anthony Aveni is especially useful in this part of the course, for in that case, there are quite tangible, relatively clear signs that prehistoric cultures had a sophisticated, intensive interest in celestial patterns.
Some archeoastronomers have argued that the chamber's entryway was roughly aligned with the summer solstice sunset, which could lend credence to that theory.
Expert archeoastronomers, however, are highly skeptical of the claim, arguing that the star symbol could in fact represent the Sun, and the scorpion symbol could represent an actual scorpion--or something else entirely.