archiphoneme

Related to archiphoneme: Phonemes

archiphoneme

(ˈɑːkɪˌfəʊniːm; ˌɑːkɪˈfəʊniːm)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics an abstract linguistic unit representing two or more phonemes when the distinction between these has been neutralized: conventionally shown by a capital letter within slashes, as /T/ for /t/ and /d/ in German Rat and Rad
Translations

archiphoneme

[ˈɑːkɪˌfəʊniːm] Narchifonema m
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References in periodicals archive ?
In order to exemplify a linguistic phenomenon in the light of the theory, Lee discusses the idea and the rules involving a conspiracy process, by using the sound alternations of Portuguese archiphoneme /S/.
tun 'to work', but tun + =pe -> tumpe 'worker' miin 'to come', but miin + -p -> miimp 'I come' wiin 'eye' but wiin + ki'ix -> wiinki'ix 'dark circles around eyes' [wi:n'gi?is] Following Dieterman (2008), the alveolar nasal could be regarded as an archiphoneme in morpheme-final position, always assimilating in place of articulation to the following segment.
They therefore presuppose that there is still signification beyond presence and absence, meaning that nonpresence still signifies something, it posits itself as an "arche-trace," a sort of archiphoneme between presence and absence.
As seen in (60a), the vowel height features of the root shift onto the prefix, here the class 3 archiphoneme /U-/:
In order to avoid such connotations, and after considering the possibility of surlecteur as a terre to replace lecteur moyen, only to abandon it because it implied the very sort of overinterpretation he was to criticize in Jakobson and Levi-Strauss's reading of Baudelaire, he came up with archilecteur, based on the linguistic model of archiphoneme, an entirely neutral term (at least in principle: its purpose is in fact to figure neutrality) designating a phoneme the function of which is to neutralize the potential phonetic discord resulting from the juxtaposition of adjacent incompatible phonemes.
The study of rhotics, a class of sounds of the archiphoneme /R/, has given rise to many discussions in the field of linguistic investigation (7).
In addition to the Mexbet phonemes, Cuetara also proposed the inclusion of the archiphonemes /_D/, AG/, /_N/ and /_R/ to define the neutralization of the following couples of phonemes: /d/-/t/, /g/-/k/, /n/-/m/, and /r/-/r/ [30].
Most briefly put, what we find in this chapter are neither phonemes, allophones, morphophonemes, nor archiphonemes: they are noises, and as a consequence the chapter does not really deal with phonology at all.
For the Mexican Spanish, the inclusion of the archiphonemes /_D/, /_G/, /_N/, and /_R/ in Mexbet was proposed to define the neutralization of the following couples of phonemes: /d/-/t/, /g/-/k/, /n/-/m/, and /u/-/r/ [25].
Yet the Arab scholars who devised the system of harakat were in fact basing themselves on a phonemic principle: the vowel qualities of fath, damm, and kasr are essentially archiphonemes capable of a variety of phonetic realizations.
"In the non-peak position of the syllable rhyme, the one-dimensional proportional opposition between voiceless and voiced phonemes [...] is neutralized [...] Before voiceless consonants, the archiphonemes "stops" (/p-m/, /t-n/, /n/,/k-n/) are realized by voiceless allophones, in other environments, by voiced allophones."
This change is reflected in the exclusion of the letter for voiced g from the short alphabet, in which represents both archiphonemes. But the letter indicating the postvelar in the long alphabet, h, is used for the sound resulting from the merger of the unvoiced counterparts.