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 (är′kŏn′, -kən)
1. A high official; a ruler.
2. One of the nine principal magistrates of ancient Athens.
3. An authoritative figure; a leader: archons of cultural modernism.

[Latin archōn, from Greek arkhōn, from present participle of arkhein, to rule.]

ar′chon·ship′ n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
24.42) and the Revision of the Athenian Corpus of Laws in the Archonship of Eukleides.
He went to many different homes with her to party, even the home of Chabrias of Aexone, when, in the archonship of Socratidas, he came first at the Pythian games with the four-horse chariot which he had bought from the sons of Mitys, the Argive, and returning from Delphi he held a victory celebration at Colias, and many there had sex with her, drunk from the wine, while Phrynion was asleep--even Chabrias's slaves who had served up the meal.
The kings of Athens are lost in an historical fog, but kingship sputtered out into an hereditary archonship and then into some sort of elective archonship in the eighth century.
In the fifteenth, in the forty-eighth year of the priestess-ship of Chrysis at Argos, in the ephorate of Aenesias at Sparta, in the last month but two of the archonship of Pythodorus at Athens, and six months after the battle of Potidaea, just at the beginning of spring (Thuc.
142; the inscription commemorates the archonship of Polyainos of Sounion (14/13 B.C.).
The opening of the archonship to lot in 487 BC, however, was not a "democratic" reform because the strategoi, who were elected on the basis of merit and could serve consecutive terms, replaced the archons as the chief military and political power.
Thus, by providing precise and leading clues, Plato makes it possible to conclude that Socrates entered the house of Kritias to discuss the city at war with Timaeus of Locri and Hermokrates of Syracuse and one other individual about 28 Hekatombaion of the Archonship of Aristion (mid-August 421).
There we have detailed instructions on priority in inheritance cases, and the provisions are at the end specifically linked to the archonship of Eukleides that is 40312.
In the first of his two references to the Social War Diodoros refers to the outbreak of a `three-year war' in the archonship of Cephisodotos (358/357).