aristocracy

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Related to aristocracies: Aristotle, democracy

ar·is·toc·ra·cy

 (ăr′ĭ-stŏk′rə-sē)
n. pl. ar·is·toc·ra·cies
1. A hereditary ruling class; nobility.
2.
a. Government by a ruling class.
b. A state or country having this form of government.
3.
a. Government by the citizens deemed to be best qualified to lead.
b. A state having such a government.
4. A group or class considered superior to others.

[Late Latin aristocratia, government by the best, from Greek aristokratiā : aristos, best; see ar- in Indo-European roots + -kratiā, -cracy.]

aristocracy

(ˌærɪˈstɒkrəsɪ)
n, pl -cies
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a privileged class of people usually of high birth; the nobility
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) such a class as the ruling body of a state
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) government by such a class
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a state governed by such a class
5. a class of people considered to be outstanding in a sphere of activity
[C16: from Late Latin aristocratia, from Greek aristokratia rule by the best-born, from aristos best; see -cracy]

ar•is•toc•ra•cy

(ˌær əˈstɒk rə si)

n., pl. -cies.
1. a class of persons holding exceptional rank and privileges, esp. the hereditary nobility.
2. a government or state ruled by an aristocracy, elite, or privileged upper class.
3. government by the best or most able people in the state.
4. a governing body composed of the best or most able people.
5. any class or group regarded as superior because of education, ability, or wealth.
[1555–65; (< Middle French aristocratie) < Medieval Latin aristocracia < Greek aristokratía=aristo(s) best, noblest + -kratia -ceacy]

aristocracy

1. government by the best people.
2. an upper class based on quality, nobility, etc.
See also: Society

Aristocracy

 the nobles or chief officials in a state; the privileged class.
Example: aristocracy is the ruling body of the best citizens, 1531.

aristocracy

A ruling class which inherits wealth, special privileges, and titles; typically accompanied by a monarchy.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aristocracy - a privileged class holding hereditary titlesaristocracy - a privileged class holding hereditary titles
elite, elite group - a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
noblesse - members of the nobility (especially of the French nobility)
baronage, peerage - the peers of a kingdom considered as a group
baronetage - the collective body of baronets
knighthood - aristocrats holding the rank of knight
samurai - feudal Japanese military aristocracy
aristocrat, blue blood, patrician - a member of the aristocracy
2.aristocracy - the most powerful members of a societyaristocracy - the most powerful members of a society
upper class, upper crust - the class occupying the highest position in the social hierarchy
landed gentry, squirearchy - the gentry who own land (considered as a class)

aristocracy

noun upper class, elite, nobility, gentry, peerage, ruling class, patricians, upper crust (informal), noblesse (literary), haut monde (French), patriciate, body of nobles a member of the aristocracy
masses, working classes, lower classes, commoners, proletariat, common people, hoi polloi, plebs, plebeians, proles (derogatory slang, chiefly Brit.)
Quotations
"An aristocracy in a republic is like a chicken whose head has been cut off; it may run about in a lively way, but in fact it is dead" [Nancy Mitford Noblesse Oblige]
"There is a natural aristocracy among men. The grounds of this are virtue and talent" [Thomas Jefferson Letter to John Adams]

aristocracy

noun
Translations
أرِسْتوقْراطِيَّه، حُكومَة الأشْراف
аристокрация
aristokraciešlechta
aristokratioverklasse
aristokracija
arisztokrácia
aîall
特権階級貴族貴族政治
aristokratasaristokratijaaristokratiškaiaristokratiškas
aristokrātija
aristokrasisoylular sınıfı

aristocracy

[ˌærɪsˈtɒkrəsɪ] N (= nobility) → aristocracia f

aristocracy

[ˌærɪˈstɒkrəsi] naristocratie f
the aristocracy → l'aristocratie

aristocracy

n (system, state) → Aristokratie f; (= class also)Adel m; aristocracy of wealthGeldadel m, → Geldaristokratie f

aristocracy

[ˌærɪsˈtɒkrəsɪ] naristocrazia

aristocracy

(ӕrəˈstokrəsi) noun
in some countries, the nobility and others of the highest social class, who usually own land.
ˈaristocrat (-krӕt) , ((American) əˈristəkrӕt) noun
a member of the aristocracy.
ˌaristoˈcratic (-ˈkrӕ-) , ((American) əˌristəˈkrӕtik) adjective
(of people, behaviour etc) proud and noble-looking. an aristocratic manner.
ˌaristoˈcratically adverb
References in classic literature ?
Owing to their historical position, it became the vocation of the aristocracies of France and England to write pamphlets against modern bourgeois society.
It is enough to make a body ashamed of his race to think of the sort of froth that has always occupied its thrones without shadow of right or reason, and the seventh-rate people that have always figured as its aristocracies -- a company of monarchs and nobles who, as a rule, would have achieved only poverty and obscurity if left, like their betters, to their own exertions.
still to the commoner, always to the commoner) pa- tience, meanness of spirit, non-resistance under op- pression; and she introduced heritable ranks and aristocracies, and taught all the Christian populations of the earth to bow down to them and worship them.
Nobody feared aristocracies more than Thomas Jefferson, who argued that the best way to prevent an aristocracy was to limit inheritance.
The primary source for these cultural phenomena was contact between the aristocracies of the three kingdoms, who not only served in the Netherlands but began volunteering in European armies, and "European martial culture" (19).