arithmetic


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Related to arithmetic: arithmetic mean, Arithmetic series

a·rith·me·tic

 (ə-rĭth′mĭ-tĭk)
n.
The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
adj. ar·ith·met·ic (ăr′ĭth-mĕt′ĭk) also ar′ith·met′i·cal (ăr′ĭth-mĕt′ĭ-kəl)
1. Of or relating to arithmetic.
2. Changing according to an arithmetic progression: The increase in the food supply is arithmetic.

[Middle English arsmetike, from Old French arismetique, from Medieval Latin arismetica, alteration of Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē (tekhnē), (art) of counting, feminine of arithmētikos, from arithmein, to count, from arithmos, number; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]

ar′ith·met′i·cal·ly adv.
a·rith′me·ti′cian (-tĭsh′ən) n.

arithmetic

(əˈrɪθmətɪk)
n
1. (Mathematics) the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
2. (Mathematics) one or more calculations involving numerical operations
3. (Mathematics) knowledge of or skill in using arithmetic: his arithmetic is good.
adj
(Mathematics) of, relating to, or using arithmetic
[C13: from Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē, from arithmein to count, from arithmos number]
ˌarithˈmetically adv
aˌrithmeˈtician n

a•rith•me•tic

(n. əˈrɪθ mə tɪk; adj. ˌær ɪθˈmɛt ɪk)

n.
1. the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics.
2. the theory of numbers; the study of the divisibility of whole numbers, the remainders after division, etc.
3. a treatise on arithmetic.
adj.
4. Also, ar`ith•met′i•cal. of, pertaining to, or in accordance with the rules of arithmetic.
ar•ith•met•ic
[1200–50; < Old French arismetique < Medieval Latin arismētica, Latin arithmētica < Greek arithmētikḗ (téchnē) (art, skill) of numbers, feminine of arithmētikós <arithmēt(ós) number]
ar`ith•met′i•cal•ly, adv.

a·rith·me·tic

(ə-rĭth′mĭ-tĭk)
1. The mathematical study of numbers and their properties under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
2. Calculation using these operations.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arithmetic - the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculationsarithmetic - the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
pure mathematics - the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness
algorism - computation with Arabic figures
miscalculate, misestimate - calculate incorrectly; "I miscalculated the number of guests at the wedding"
recalculate - calculate anew; "The costs had to be recalculated"
average out, average - compute the average of
square - raise to the second power
cube - raise to the third power
factor, factor in, factor out - resolve into factors; "a quantum computer can factor the number 15"
add together, add - make an addition by combining numbers; "Add 27 and 49, please!"
foot up, foot - add a column of numbers
deduct, subtract, take off - make a subtraction; "subtract this amount from my paycheck"
multiply - combine by multiplication; "multiply 10 by 15"
raise - multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3
fraction, divide - perform a division; "Can you divide 49 by seven?"
halve - divide by two; divide into halves; "Halve the cake"
quarter - divide by four; divide into quarters
make - add up to; "four and four make eight"
contain - be divisible by; "24 contains 6"
Adj.1.arithmetic - relating to or involving arithmeticarithmetic - relating to or involving arithmetic; "arithmetical computations"

arithmetic

noun
Arithmetic calculations
computation, figure (used in plural), number (used in plural).
Translations
عِلْم الحِساب
aritmetikaaritmetický
aritmetik
aritmeettinenaritmetiikkalaskuoppi
arithmétiquecalculd'arithmétiquede l’arithmétiquemoyenne
reikningur, talnafræîi
算数
aritmetikaaritmetinis
aritmētika
aritmeticarekenkunde
aritmetika
aritmetika
aritmetikaritmetisk

arithmetic

A. [əˈrɪθmətɪk] Naritmética f
see also mental
B. [ˌærɪθˈmetɪk] ADJaritmético
arithmetic progressionprogresión f aritmética
C. [ˌærɪθˈmetɪk] CPD arithmetic mean Nmedia f aritmética

arithmetic

[əˈrɪθmɪtɪk] n
(= school subject) → arithmétique f
(= calculations) → calculs mpl
He got his arithmetic wrong → Il s'est trompé dans ses calculs.
if my arithmetic is right ... → si mes calculs sont bons ...
the arithmetic (of particular situation)l'arithmétique

arithmetic

nRechnen nt; (= calculation)Rechnung f; could you check my arithmetic?kannst du mal gucken, ob ich richtig gerechnet habe?; your arithmetic is wrongdu hast dich verrechnet; arithmetic bookRechenfibel for -buch nt; (= exercise book)Rechenheft nt

arithmetic

[n əˈrɪθmətɪk; adj ˌærɪθˈmɛtɪk]
1. naritmetica
mental arithmetic → calcolo mentale
2. adjaritmetico/a
arithmetic progression → progressione f aritmetica

arithmetic

(əˈriθmətik) noun
the art of counting by numbers.
arithmetical (ӕriθˈmetikl) adjective
References in classic literature ?
Can we deny that a warrior should have a knowledge of arithmetic?
I declare my head used to be such a jumble of French and German, history and arithmetic, grammar and music, I used to feel sometimes as if it would split.
Next comes a class in arithmetic. These boys are to be the merchants, shopkeepers, and mechanics of a future period.
"I'll work all my arithmetic problems without any help," scribbled Felix.
The child, for example, who has been instructed in the elements of arithmetic, and has made a particular addition, according to rule, may be assured that he has found, with respect to the sum of the numbers before him, and that in this instance is within the reach of human genius.
John heaved a sigh at this, and his wife stared with arms a-kimbo, and both appeared to be wondering if they had capital enough to begin such a course with, or arithmetic enough to carry it through.
If it were so, the number of sides in a Circle would be a mere question of pedigree and arithmetic, and the four hundred and ninety-seventh descendant of an Equilateral Triangle would necessarily be a Polygon with five hundred sides.
"In school today, I'll learn to read, tomorrow to write, and the day after tomorrow I'll do arithmetic. Then, clever as I am, I can earn a lot of money.
Now, Jimmy can go home, and Sally must get her arithmetic.' I liked Nina, too; she was so quaint and unexpected, and her eyes were lovely; but I often wanted to shake her.
They performed the dizziest feats of arithmetic, soaring quite out of MY feeble range, and perpetrated, in higher spirits than ever, geographical and historical jokes.
And the owl, Too-Too, who was good at arithmetic, figured it out that there was only money enough left to last another week-- if they each had one meal a day and no more.
I'll get the almanack and as I have heard devils can be raised with Daboll's arithmetic, I'll try my hand at raising a meaning out of these queer curvicues here with the Massachusetts calendar.