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The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
adj. ar·ith·met·ic (ăr′ĭth-mĕt′ĭk) also ar′ith·met′i·cal (ăr′ĭth-mĕt′ĭ-kəl)
1. Of or relating to arithmetic.
2. Changing according to an arithmetic progression: The increase in the food supply is arithmetic.

[Middle English arsmetike, from Old French arismetique, from Medieval Latin arismetica, alteration of Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē (tekhnē), (art) of counting, feminine of arithmētikos, from arithmein, to count, from arithmos, number; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]

ar′ith·met′i·cal·ly adv.
a·rith′me·ti′cian (-tĭsh′ən) n.


(əˌrɪθ mɪˈtɪʃ ən, ˌær ɪθ-)

an expert in arithmetic.
[1550–60; < Middle French]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arithmetician - someone who specializes in arithmeticarithmetician - someone who specializes in arithmetic
mathematician - a person skilled in mathematics


[əˌrɪθməˈtɪʃən] Naritmético/a m/f


nRechner(in) m(f)
References in periodicals archive ?
It is also unclear what it means to call forms numbers, as they are distinguished from the sorts of numbers with which the arithmetician deals (Metaphysics 13.
Rather they would wish to know his veracity from his words [what he says], as the learner of arithmetic knows, from arithmetic itself, the veracity of his teacher in his saying: "I am an arithmetician.
Forsooth a great arithmetician, One Michael Cassio, a Florentine A fellow almost damned in a fair wife, That never set a squadron in the field Nor the division of battle knows More than a spinster--unless the bookish theoric, Wherein the togaed consuls can propose As masterly as he.
As a boy he was a talented arithmetician and won a scholarship to Newcastle's Royal Grammar School.
It's hard to know having just met you how skilled an arithmetician you are, but we'll go with your answer: two.
They were so long beneath his knees, from which extremity hung so many laces that no Arithmetician could have had the patience to count them.
like a political arithmetician, urges the state to step in and manage [mobility]'.
The "single irony" of Swift's projector personifies a political arithmetician, like Sir William Petty, gone mad--Swift's actual concerns with poverty taken to their deranged extreme.
University-based sociologists were writing about these matters but were inclined to stylise the past in terms of models that resembled the prescriptive writings of Robert Filmer, rather than the parish listings carefully drawn up by pre-industrial clergymen or the calculations of Gregory King, the seventeenth-century political arithmetician whom Laslett admired and upon whom a core of his own methodology is based.
1] The author was unknown to me and, though I, like everyone else, am naturally curious about "the magic of love," neither he nor his treatise -- to be perfectly frank -- would have retained my attention had it not been for the continuation of the title, which read: "It will be shown how Love is a metaphysician, a natural physicist, an astrologer, a musician, a geometrist, an arithmetician, a grammarian, a dialectician, an orator, a poet, a historiographer," and so on for a total of thirty-nine designations comprising love as an agriculturist, a wool manufacturer, an architect, a glass maker, a necromancer, a chiromancer, and a prognosticator.