armillary sphere

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ar·mil·lar·y sphere

 (är′mə-lĕr′ē, är-mĭl′ə-rē)
An old astronomical model with solid, usually metal rings, all great circles of a single sphere, used to display relationships among the principal celestial circles.

[Translation of French sphère armillaire, from Latin armilla, bracelet, from armus, shoulder; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

armillary sphere

(Astronomy) a model of the celestial sphere consisting of rings representing the relative positions of the celestial equator, ecliptic, etc, used by early astronomers for determining the positions of stars
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ar′millary sphere′

an ancient astronomical instrument consisting of an arrangement of metal rings used to show the relative positions of the celestial equator and other circles on the celestial sphere.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.armillary sphere - a celestial globe consisting of metal hoopsarmillary sphere - a celestial globe consisting of metal hoops; used by early astronomers to determine the positions of stars
celestial globe - a globe that is a spherical model of the heavens
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References in periodicals archive ?
"The clean side of the disc was decorated with a coat of arms and the esfera armilar (armillary sphere), which identified it clearly as Portuguese in origin.
A reference to Kangxi's enthusiasm for Western astronomy, the design of the cone is inspired by an armillary sphere created to represent the movements in the heavens.
So a box decorated with planetary symbols that was produced in either 13th century Egypt or Syria depicts Venus playing the oud, while an armillary sphere stands in a 17th century tapestry of Chinese astronomers.
Starting with the display of Vincenzo Coronelli's majestic globes and Jerome Martinot's armillary sphere, the artists Jean-Luc and Patricia Boivineau have created an artistic vision of the stars and constellations which can be seen in Abu Dhabi's sky during the winter season.
On the other side of the world, the Chinese also stood out for their development of highly complex machines-such as the famous hydraulic clock created by Su Song (1086), topped by an "armillary sphere" representing the orbits of the sun, the moon and certain stars as seen from Earth.
One item of interest in support of an early interest is the armillary sphere (or astrolabe) that he included in what is historically the first depiction of a perspective window for projecting accurate views of three-dimensional objects (Figure 1).
Patterns of birds (e.g., martlet, pelican, egret, crane, swan, crow, and night owl), figures, aquatic animals (e.g., fishes and seashells), flowers and plants (e.g., lilies, clover leaves, and trees), utensils (e.g., cross, weapons, musical instruments, sailing vessel, crown, helmet, and castle), heavenly bodies (e.g., armillary sphere, stars, new moon, and sun), and characters or geometric figures (block plane, stripes, zig-zag, and saw-tooth), are always bordered with various ornaments such as crests, upholders, and inscriptions, particularly in the form of plants.
The second depicts Atlas on one knee supporting an armillary sphere, while the third (Figs.
The watch is also an astronomical navigator, an armillary sphere (machine of the world), a radix chart, time travel machine, solar system simulator and eclipse detector.
Nearby, an altazimuth--used to determine celestial angles--sits next to an armillary sphere and a detailed celestial globe.
In the case of the armillary sphere, used for measuring the longitude of any star, he notes that we must first have the coordinate of a reference star.