The latter announcement, coming weeks before Putin is slated to win another term as president, is seen by analysts as setting the clock back to the era of superpower arms races, amid growing fears that the world may be entering a new phase of Cold War.
Worldwide trade war and multilateral arms race pose an unprecedented double threat to security and stability, with both costing trillions of dollars and neither ending with a clear winner.
These weapons have evolved as the result of biological arms races lasting millions of years.
In Animal Weapons, Emlen, a biologist at the University of Montana in Missoula, explains the science behind those arms races, including how battles for resources and females can influence the evolution of weaponry and how this sort of competition has resulted in some of the craziest looking appendages to ever grace an elk's head or a beetle's back.
Fears over globalization, national rivalries, arms races, hubris led to huge overreaction to an assassination and the First World War that left millions dead
An assassination, incidental in the century's overall history, triggered the massive war spurred by national rivalries and reckless arms race.
The Chinese leadership has made a strategic decision that, while it certainly will seek to modernize the People's Liberation Army and increase defense spending as a percentage of GDP, it will do so only gradually so as to avoid spurring security dilemmas, arms races
, and power balancing against China.
have a pleasing parsimony to them: they are part of an action-reaction cycle of tit-for-tat weapons acquisitions that seems self-explanatory and simple to comprehend: Country A buys a particular piece of military hardware, which is matched by Country B, and so on and so on.
export arms trade thriving even as it helps to accelerate small-scale arms races
among the world's poorest nations and destabilizes already tense state-to-state standoffs.
NMD system would work, it would be viewed by both Russia and China as provocative and would most likely lead to new arms races
However flawed the final product--and flawed it is-- we are indebted to Patrick Glynn for writing a book about the arms races
and arms control that is serious, lively, and literate.
Conventional wisdom would have it that an arms race
forms part of a cold war.